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Los nobles y generosos.

OTTAVA ACEPHALA.

Acostumbrò a enlaçar las vestiduras
De Athenas la çigarra con la hevilla.
Y en Roma del çapato las echuras
Pareçian la Luna à maravilla.[1]
Mas tal vestido solo aquel se dava
Cuyo linage de nobles manava.[2]

Notes:

1.  The Arcadians wore crescent-shaped ornaments because they believed themselves to be the first men on earth and older than the moon. See Ovid, Fasti, 2.290. Evander, who came from Arcadia, was the founder of the primitive settlement on the Palatine hill which preceded Romulus’ Rome. See Vergil, Aeneid, 8.; Plutarch, Quaestiones Romanae,76.

2.  i.e. members of the inner circle of noble Roman families claiming descent from the first senators (patres), one hundred in number, appointed by Romulus, founder and first ruler of Rome. These patrician families wore a distinctive black boot with a crescent-shaped ornament. Those members who achieved high political office wore similar red boots, calcei mullei, so called because their colour was like that of a mullet (according to Isidore, Etymologiae (Origines), 19.34.4 and 10).


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