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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O3r p213]

Los dichos de los siete sabios
de Grecia.[1]

TERCETOS.

Oya quien esculpir ō pintar quiere
Los dichos de los siete celebrados,
En cuyo nombre Gręcia jamas muere.
Cleobulo dixo que de los estados
Mejor es el mediano, d’el qual seņa
Seran el peso y pesas ayuntados.
Qualquiera conosįerse nos enseņa
El sabio dicho Chilon Espartano,
De lo qual un espejo es buena enseņa.
Poner rienda al furor, el soberano
Periandro dixo, de quien el poleo
Serā seņal, por ser de olor tan sano.[2]
No aya de mas, dixo el Mitileneo,
Lo qual affirman los que el gyth[3] deshazen,
El qual ser axenuz yo pienso y creo.
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O3v p214] Mirar el fin[4] de lo que tratan y hazen
A los hombres Solon mandō, seņales
El Termino[5] de aquesto da que aplazen.
Ser grande el abundanįia de los males
Diz’ Bias, d’esto un sardo en muleto
Seran retratos bien proporcionales.
Tales dixo que aquel serā el discreto
Que para fiar sus bienes no arraiga.
Porque emmaraņa a’l suyo el indiscreto
Avejoruco y parra con la liga.

Notes:

1.  The list of the Seven Sages of the ancient Greek world was not fixed: various selections were made from up to seventeen names (though this one is the most common). Their utterances were variously reported and attributed now to one, now to the other. See Diogenes Laertius, De Clarorum philosophorum vitis, 1.40-42. The list here is derived from Anthologia Graeca, 9.366.

2.  poleo, ‘pennyroyal’. See Emblem 165, line 6 ([A49a165]).

3.  gyth, ‘cassia’ or ‘senna’. See Pliny, Natural History, 20.71.182ff. for its medicinal and culinary uses. It is so bitter that a little goes a long way.

4.  ‘Mirar el fin’, i.e.only when his life is over can a man be judged to have been happy. See the story of Solon and Croesus in Plutarch, Solon, 27-8.

5.  Termino, see Emblem 172 ([A49a172]).


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