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Inviolabiles telo Cupidinis.

Immune to Cupid’s dart

XXXIII.

Ne dirus te vincat Amor, neu foemina mentem
Diripiat magicis artibus ulla tuam:
Bacchica avis praest tibi Motacilla paretur,
Quam quadriradiam circuli in orbe loces:
Ore crucem & cauda, & geminis ut complicet alis,[1]
Tale amuletum carminis omnis erit.
Dicitur hoc Veneris signo Pagasaeus Iason
Phasiacis laedi non potuisse dolis.[2]

To prevent merciless love overcoming you, to prevent any woman plundering your mind with magic arts, provide yourself with a wagtail, bird of Bacchus. Place it spread four ways within the sphere of a circle, so that it forms the arms of a cross with its beak, tail and paired wings. Such a thing will be an amulet against all magic spells. Through this figure, the gift of Venus, it is said that Jason of Pagasae became immune to the wiles of Phasis.

COMMENTARIA.

Hoc abstrusum remedium quo violenti amo-
res & magicae artes fugari & evitari possint,
excerpsit Author ex Paulo Geometra Floren-
tino
, lib. 2, suae Geometriae, cap. 10.[3] qui asserit
se in quodam Alberti Magni libello, quem
Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [d5v p58] de amuleto, hoc est, de omni genere remedii
adversus cuncta mala medicamenta & prae-
sertim contraveneficia qum doctissim scri-
psit legisse saepius, Motacillam avem notissi-
mam (cuius duplex genus recenset Aelianus
lib. 15. cap. 28. & lib. 16. cap. 13.) Libero patri,
id est, Baccho, multis de causis sacram, ut
Author est Heroditus lib. 8. cap. 36. in hanc fi-
guram crucem efficientem dispositam inter
circulos binos aeque sese intersecantes, ut hc
videre est, ac humano pectori adhibitam qum
maximum esse amuletum adversus phyltra ac
veneficia omnia, maxim tamen contra illa
quae homines ad venerem impellunt, contra
saevissimos saevissimi Cupidinis arcus, qui
quidem ut Pelignus vates[4] testatur multis in
locis perpaucis parcere didicerunt. Medeam
ver nullis carminibus, nullis medicamentis,
nullis denique incantationibus aut veneficiis
potuisse ad amorem sui Iasonem reducere, ex
quo ipsam Corintho ubi tanc erat expulit, &
Glaucem sive Creusam Creontis Regis filiam
uxorem duxit, ut Theodoncius lib. 10. cap. 41
refert.[5] Id autem propter amuletum illud quod
Iason secum gestabat, cuius nomen subticet
Theodoncius Pegaseus Iason, id est, Thessa-
lus:
nam Peguse vel Pegase Thessaliae Oppi-
dum est. Phasiacis dolis quod est Colchicis, id
est Medeae Colchicae, est enim Phasis fluvius
Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [d6r p59]Colchorum. De Iasonis praeterea in Colchi-
dem pro aureo vellere navigatione, scribunt
Valerius Flaccus in Argonauticis & Apollonius. Sunt
autem ade difficilia & obstrusa, vesani amo-
ris atque effrenae libidinis remedia, ut nisi divi-
nitus dentur vix quisquam est qui insidias hu-
iusmodi evadere possit.

Notes:

1. These lines describe the rhombos, a device used in casting love-spells. The bird usually employed was a wryneck, associated with Bacchus, possibly because of its dappled markings. (Cf. the dappled fawns associated with the god.) The wagtail seems to have been confused with the wryneck in folk belief.

2. Pagasa (or Pagasae) was the place in Thessaly where the ship Argo was built, in which the Argonauts, led by Jason, sailed to Colchis in the region round the river Phasis to fetch the Golden Fleece. In this and in other tasks imposed on them by the king of Phasis they were helped by the sorceress Medea, daughter of the king. Instructed by Venus, Jason used the rhombos to cause Medea to fall in love with him and so use her spells to help, not harm, him. See Pindar, Pythian Odes 4.216ff.

3. Paulus Geometrus (Paolo Dagomari), a Florentine mathemetician and astronomer (d. c. 1367).

4. Paelignus vates or poeta signifies Ovid, born in the country of the Paelignii (a neighbouring tribe to Rome).

5. The author Theodoncius has not been identified. Possibly Theodontius or Theodonicus.


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  • (personifications and symbolic representations of) Love; 'Amore (secondo Seneca)' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56F2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • (story of) Jason [95A(JASON)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • attributes of Cupid (with NAME) [92D18(DART)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Jason and Medea at the altar of Hecate (or Diana): Medea gives him a magic herb or ointment [94A43] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • witchcraft, sorcery [13B] Search | Browse Iconclass

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