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Optimus civis.

The best citizen

CIIII.

Dum iustis patriam Thrasybulus[1] vindicat armis,
Dumque simultates ponere quenque iubet,
Concors ordo omnis magni instar numeris [=muneris] , illi
Palladiae sertum frondis[2] habere dedit.
Cinge comam Thrasybule, geras hunc solus honorem:
In magna nemo est aemulus urbe tibi.

Thrasybulus was avenging his country with righteous weapons and bidding every person lay aside his enmities; so every class in harmony granted him by way of great reward the wearing of a crown of Pallas’ leaves. - Wreathe your hair, Thrasybulus; you alone are to wear this honour. There is no rival to you in the great city.

COMMENTARIA.

Thrasibulus, strenuus & nobilis Athenien-
sis, qui unā cum pluribus suis concivibus ā
Tyrannis eiectus exulabat. Ille tandem praeter
caeteros pro patria communique salute, etiam
magno cum periculo aliquid moliri ausus
fuit, tantum denique profecit ut patriam ā tri-
ginta saevissimis Tyrannis simul unoque tem-
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l7r p173]pore liberaverit: omnes insuper simultates ac
odia clandestina deponi fideliter admonue-
rit, de quo apud Iustinian. lib. 5. historiae. Totus
itaque populus coadunatus, sertum sive coronam
ex frondibus olivae contextam, maximi mune-
ris loco unanimiter capiti eius imposuit. Est
autem Oliva arbor Palladi sacrata: teste Plinio
libr. 12. cap. 1. ipsa enim Oleae inventrix fuit.
Ovidius lib .6. Metamorphoseon & armorum Dea celebra
ta, apud Diodorum. Olea insuper paci dicata est:
refert Hermogenes cap. 2. de oratoria. Priscis
etenim mos erat strenuos Milites multivariis
coronare coronis, prodit Gellius lib. 5. cap. 6.

Notes:

1.  Thrasybulus of Steiria, after a distinguished military career, was instrumental in liberating Athens from the tyranny of the Thirty in the political confusion at the end of the fourth century BC. For his own moderation and his resistance to vengeful acts by others in the ensuing settlement, see Cornelius Nepos, Life of Thrasybulus 3.2-3. According to Nepos (ibid. 4.3) Thrasybulus interpreted the olive-wreath freely offered him by the citizens as a sign that he was held in supreme honour by them.

2.  ‘of Pallas’ leaves’, i.e. the leaves of the olive tree, sacred to Pallas Athene, patron goddess of Athens.


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  • 'Amor della patria' (Ripa) [44C110] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Agreement, Unity; 'Concordia', 'Concordia insuperabile', 'Concordia militare', 'Concordia di Pace', 'Unione civile' (Ripa) [54E31] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • attributes of Minerva (with NAME) [92C28(OLIVE-TREE)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Honour, Glory; 'Ampiezza della Gloria', 'Gloria', 'Gloria de prencipi', 'Gloria & Honore', 'Honore', 'SublimatīŋŊ della Gloria' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [59B31(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • names of cities and villages (with NAME) [61E(ATHENS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Sense of Duty, Devotion to Duty (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57A2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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