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In subitum terrorem.

Sudden terror

CV.

Effuso cernens fugientes agmine turmas,
Quis mea nunc inflat cornua? Faunus[1] ait.

Seeing the squadrons fleeing, their line in disarray, ‘Who now’, said Faunus, ‘is sounding my trumpets?’

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COMMENTARIA.

Faunus cm videret copias perterritas &
fugientes, gloriabundus secum dicit: quis
nunc inflat mea cornua tantum timorem ex-
citans? Faunus alis Pan, Deus rusticorum
& pastorum Potis fingitur: Horatius libro 3.
carminum Oda 18. Veteris creditum fuit hunc
Deum repentinos timores & anni perturba-
tiones hominibus immittere, sed omnino
inanes, quales plerunque in bellis accidere so-
let, hinc proverbium manavit, panicus ter-
ror seu casus: de qu prolixius Angelus Poli-
tianus
in miscellaneis annotationibus 28. Sunt autem Faunii
qui & Satyri appellantur & Sylvani,
monstra Aethiopica specie huma-
na, cornigera & caprinis pedi-
bus valde luxuriosa, enar-
rat Leonicus lib. 2. cap.
24. de varia hi-
storia.

Notes:

1. Faunus is here equated with Pan, the half-goat rustic god ([A56a277]), accredited with the invention of the horn or military trumpet, and responsible for unexplained ‘panic’ terrors seizing man and beast, especially on the battle-field and in wild lonely places. See Erasmus, Adagia 2603, Panicus casus.


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