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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l8r p175]

In adulari nescientem.

Unable to flatter

CVI.

Scire cupis dominos toties cur Thessalis ora[1]
Mutet, & ut varios quaerat habere duces:
Nescit adulari, cuiquamve obtrudere palpum,[2]
Regia quem morem principis omnis habet.
Sed veluti ingenuus sonipes, dorso excutit omnem,
Qui moderari ipsum nesciat Hippocomon[3]
Nec saevire tamen domino fas. ultio sola est,
Dura ferum ut iubeat ferre lupata magis.[4]

Do you want to know why the land of Thessaly changes its overlords so often, how it comes about that it looks for different leaders? - It does not know how to flatter, or how to stroke anyone the right way, the behaviour every prince’s court displays. Like a noble stallion, it throws from its back every horseman who does not know how to control it. Nor may the master treat the horse savagely: his only course of action is to make the creature wear a harsher bit with jagged teeth.

COMMENTARIA.

Thessalia Regio est Graeciae famosa, mon-
tibus & civitatibus clara. Strabo libro 9. gens
inquieto ingenio, &c. L [=T] . Livius Decadis 4. lib.
4. Haec quare frequenter mutet dominos, &
varios habeat Duces, rationem esse dicit, quòd

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [l8v p176] illa blandiri sive adulari nesciat (quod tamen
in omnibus ferè principum aulis increpuit) sed
veluit ferox atque ingenuus equus non fert sed
mox deiicit quencunque hippocomon, id est,
equisonem, illum non rectè gubernantem.
Nec tamen is, equo gravius irasci sive, ut vel-
let, saevire audet, sed sola haec ultio erit ut du-
rius & asperius sibi fraenum iniiciat. De adula-
tionibus autem & blanditiis perniciosis, pluri-
ma Cicero in Dialogo de amicitia, ubi post mul
ta sic ait. Scitum enim est: & hoc Catonis, mul-
tò melius de quibusdam acerbos inimicos me-
reri, quàm eos amicos qui dulces videantur.
Illos nanque verum saepe dicere, hos nunquam.

Notes:

1.  In later editions, Thessaly is replaced with Insubris ora, ‘land of the Insubres’, i.e. the plain of Milan, Alciato’s home area. Various Gallic tribes, including the Insubres, inhabited this region in the Classical period. Cf. [A56a285], and see Alciato, Historia Mediolanensis col.6.

2.  ‘stroke...the right way’. See Erasmus, Adagia 2527, Obtrudere palpum.

3.  ‘horseman, groom’. See Plato, Politicus 261d for the image of the ruler as supervisor of a stud of horses.

4.  ‘a harsher bit with jagged teeth’. A jagged-toothed bit was used on intractable horses, and also in breaking-in. See Erasmus, Parabolae p.136: the horse despises a smooth bit.


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  • family of a ruler, and court [44B15] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Flattery; 'Adulatione' (Ripa) [57AA6121] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (names of cities and villages excepted) (with NAME) [61D(THESSALY)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Praise, Approbation, Approval; 'Lode' (Ripa) [57B1] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Revenge, Requital, Retaliation; 'Vendetta' (Ripa) [57AA741] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Sincerity; 'Purit� et Sincerit� d'animo', 'Sincerit�' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57A612(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosit� dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virt� del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of conce [54A7(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • virtues of the ruler [44B10] Search | Browse Iconclass

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