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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [B1r p17]

MYLAN

Austun le porc, Bourges ha le mouton,
Aulxquelz le nom de mon pays doibt on
Nommé Mylan de demy-laine [=de my-laine] , en celle eage
Terre sacrée, en vieil François langage.[1]
La fut Pallas, ou Tecle est venerée,[2]
Devant le temple à la vierge honnourée
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [B1v p18] Ung porc mouton pour signe est à la porte,
Qui demy seye, & dedemy-laine porte.

C’est l’Etymologie du nom de Mylan, le-
quel on dict avoir ainsi este nommé, pour
à la premiere fondation y avoir esté trouvé
ung porc biforme demy pourceau & demy
mouton couvert demy de seye, & demy
laine d’ond Mylan fut en François appellé, en
Latin Mediolanum. Lequel nom contient
en sa signifiance les armes de deux bonnes
villes en France, C’estasavoir Austun jadis
premiere ville des Gaules, qui porte le Porc
(comme dict L’auteur.) Et Bourges Metro
politaine de Berry & Guyenne, qui porte le
mouton, ville de ma nativite, ou le Seigneur
Alciat autheur du present oeuvre a par plu-
sieurs ans interpreté les loix à tresgrande
renommée, & en celle université premiere-
ment leu en France.

Notes:

1.  mon pays, ‘my home country’. Alciato was born near Milan, and wrote a history of the city and the surrounding area. His populis...debita origo...est, ‘owes its origin to these peoples’. In the classical period Northern Italy was occupied by Celtic tribes from Gaul. The Bituriges and Aedui were two Gallic peoples, whose language would be a form of continental Celtic. See Alciato, Historia Mediolanensis, col.1ff. Biturgia is the Latin name for the modern Bourges; Aeduorum civitas or Hedua were two of the Latin names used for modern Autun.

2.  The name of Minerva, the Roman virgin goddess, was transferred to a local Celtic divinity with some similarities. For the particular devotion of the early inhabitants to the worship of Minerva see Alciato, Historia Mediolanensis, col. 10. Tecla or Thecla was a Christian virgin martyr, supposedly a follower of St. Paul.


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