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Emblema xc.

Curculione gruis, tumida vir pingitur alvo
Qui Laron, aut manibus gestat Onocrotalum[1]
Talis forma fuit Dionysi[2] & talis Apici,[3]
Et gula quos celebres deliciosa facit.

We have here painted a man with a crane’s long gullet and a swollen belly, holding in his hands a gull or pelican. Such was the form of Dionysius, such the form of Apicius, and all those whom gourmet taste makes famous.

HAc imagine depinguntur lurcones, gulosi, hel-
luones, quibus tribuit collum gruis, quod sibi
dari optabat Philoxenus: ventrem maximè pro-
minentem, cum duabus aviculis edacissimis Laro, &
Onocrotalo. Bellissima certè gulosorum insignia.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N5r f125r]


UN homme peint avec un col de Grue,
Le ventre enflé fort desmesurément,
Qui tient un Loir, ou un Butor en veuë,
Sert à monstrer les gourmans proprement,
Et gras gosiers, tel que fut un Apice,
Ou un Denys, bien cogneus pour ce vice.

PAr ceste figure sont depeins les gloutons,
gourmans, goulus, ausquels il donne un
col de grue, que Philoxenus souhettoit luy
estre baillé: un ventre gras & large, avec deux
oyseaux qui mangent desmesurement, sça-
voir est un Loir & un Butor. Que sont de
fort belles armoiries pour les gourmans.


1.  These birds were symbols of ravenous greed. The pelican is called inexplebile animal, ‘insatiable creature’, by Pliny, Natural History, 10.66.131; cf. Emblem 95 ([FALc095]). For the gull, see Erasmus, Adagia, 1133 (Larus: the gull will also fit food-suppliers because it is a bird with an appetite for fish).

2.  Dionysius II, Tyrant of Syracuse. After his deposition, he lived in Corinth, and many anecdotes were told of his indulgent way of life there, including the story that he died of being overweight.

3.  Apicius was a famous gourmet of the time of the Emperor Tiberius. See Seneca, De consolatione, 10.8-9 and Martial, Epigrams, 3.22: he spent a hundred million sesterces on food items and committed suicide for fear of starvation on discovering that he had only one million left. He composed two cookery books, but the one which has come down to us under his name is a fourth- to fifth-century compilation drawing on his works and several others (ed. princ. Le Signerre, Milan 1498).

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  • Gluttony, Intemperance, 'Gula'; 'Gola', 'Ingordigia', 'Ingordigia overo Avidità ', 'Voracità ' (Ripa) ~ personification of one of the Seven Deadly Sins [11N35] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Intemperance, Immoderation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54AA43(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(APICIUS, Marcus Gavius)3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • specific aspects, allegorical aspects of Bacchus; Bacchus as patron [92L17] Search | Browse Iconclass

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