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Link to an image of this pageá Link to an image of this page á[V3r f207r]

Respublica liberata.

The republic restored to freedom

Emblema cl.

Caesaris exitio, ceu libertate recepta,
Haec ducibus Brutis cusa moneta fuit.
Ensiculi in primis, queis pileus insuper astat,
Qualem missa manu servitia accipiunt.[1]

When Caesar had been destroyed, as a sign of liberty regained, this coin was struck by the leaders, Brutus and his brother. In chief are daggers, beside which there also stands a cap, such as slaves receive when set free.

EX Dione lib. 47. occiso Ó coniuratis Caio Caesa-
re
, ii ceu recepta libertate, fabricari numisma cu
rarunt, in cuius altera parte duo pugiones, in alte-
ra pileus. pugiones caedem patratam designabant: li-
bertatis ver˛ nota pileus: quod ex multis auctorum
veterum locis cognoscere est.

Link to an image of this pageá Link to an image of this page á[V3v f207v]

La Republique affranchie.

ON croyoit bien qu’en veritÚ
Rome fust mise en libertÚ,
Et en sa premiere franchise
Apres que Cesar fut occis
Par les Brutes en vogue mis,
Manians le tout Ó leur guise.
Car pendant ce plus fort danger.
Ilz commanderent de forger
Une piece Ó la dague nuŰ,
Que pour le meurtre lon prenoit,
Et des affranchis le bonnet,
Pour la libertÚ soustenue.

CEcy est dans Dion, li. 47. Cesar estant
occis par les conjurez, comme si la li-
bertÚ eust estÚ recouvree, ils firent forger de la
monnoye, lÓ o¨ d’un des coustez estoyent deux
poignards: d’autre, un bonnet. Les Poignars
signifioient le meurtre commis: le bonnet,
estoit la marque de libertÚ. ce que nous pou-
vons apprendre de plusieurs anciens auteurs.

Notes:

1. áJulius Caesar, who had become in effect the sole ruler of Rome, was assassinated on the Ides of March in 44 BC by Marcus and Decimus Brutus, Cassius and other conspirators. Alciato describes the well-known coin-type celebrating the restoration of republican government issued by Brutus after the murder. This bears the legend EID.MAR. (The Ides of March) across the lower section; above this, occupying the upper two thirds of the coin face, are two upright daggers with a cap of liberty between. Alciato had presumably seen or owned such a coin. He wrote a short treatise on ancient coins.


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  • cities represented allegorically or symbolically (with NAME) [25L(ROME)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • death of Caesar, i.e. the murder of Caesar: he is slain in the Senate at the foot of Pompey's statue, exclaiming 'et tu Brute' [98B(CAESAR)68] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • freedom ~ slavery [46A183] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Freedom, Liberty; 'LibertÓž (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [51E11(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(BRUTUS, M.)3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • republic; 'Governo della republica' (Ripa) [44B03] Search | Browse Iconclass

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