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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [M2v p180]

Il faut fuïr les courtisanes.

XVI.

Circé, fille au Soleil, par ses arts tant pouvoit
Qu’en ours, boucs & lions les hommes transformoit,
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [M3r p181] Tesmoin l’escuyer Pic,[1] et Scylle la biforme,[2]
Et les gents d’Ulysses, qu’en porceaux ell’ transforme.[3]
Cil qui du fol amour boit le sorcier bruvage,
Soudain en perd le sens, devient fol & mal sage.

Commentaires.

La fable de Circé se void en plusieurs auteurs,
Grecs & Latins. Ovide la descrit aussi en sa metamor-
phose, & celle de Pic & de Scylla. Mais Palladas,
aux epigrammes Grecs, destourne ailleurs celle de
Circé: car il dit, que Circé avec sa verge ne transfor-
moit point les homme en pourceaux & autres ani-
maux: mais qu’elle reduisoit en telle povreté ses a-
moureux, qu’ils estoyent contraints, s’ils vouloyent
substanter leur miserable vie, de devenir en fin lar-
rons, brigands, guetteurs de chemins, & meurtriers.

Notes:

1.  Picus, an Italian king, a breeder of horses, turned into a woodpecker by Circe. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 14.320ff.

2.  Scylla was transformed into a figure that was half girl, half barking dogs. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 14.51ff. Cf. Emblem 94 ([FALe094]).

3.  See Homer, Odyssey, 10.229ff. for the story of Ulysses’ sailors who were turned into pigs by Circe with a magic potion of wine.



Iconclass Keywords

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Relating to the text:

  • beasts of prey, predatory animals (with NAME) [25F23(BEAR)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • beasts of prey, predatory animals (with NAME) [25F23(LION)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • courtesan, hetaera [33C521] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Danger; 'Pericolo' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54DD51(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • hoofed animals (with NAME) [25F24(STAG)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • love potion, philtre [13D41] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Picus changed into a woodpecker: Circe changes Picus into a woodpecker because, faithful to his wife Canens, he spurns the love of the goddess (Ovid, Metamorphoses XIV 386) (+ variant) [97D28(+0)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Reason versus Amorous Lust; 'Combattimento della ragione con l'appetito' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52B513(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Scylla changed into a sea-monster: Circe, to whom Glaucus has applied for aid in his love suit, changes Scylla the sea-nymph into a sea-monster (Ovid, Metamorphoses XIV 59) (+ variant) [97EE3(+0)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Ulysses' companions are changed into all kinds of animals (+ variant) [97C81(+0)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • whore, prostitute [33C520] Search | Browse Iconclass

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