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XXIX.

MALUM CONSILIUM CONSULTO-
ri pessimum.

COnsiderati Principis est, consultoribus uti qum optimis,
quoties ad res gerendas sese accingit. Consilium bonum
nervus est potentiae Regiae. Visque consilii expers mole ruit
sua. Neque assentiendum est iis, qui existimant res urbanas
minores esse bellicis. Quae in militia Duces aggrediuntur,
nisi consilio gerantur, ut plurimm infelices habent exitus:
quare expetenda est magis decernendi ratio, qum decertandi
promptitudo. Non enim viribus, velocitate aut celeritate res
magnae geruntur, sed consilio, autoritate, & sententia senio-
rum, qui rerum usu experientiaque valent. Principes ex opti-
mis consiliarios sibi deligant; qui propriis affectibus, cupidi-
tatibus aut lucro ferri se non patiuntur: sed qui bono reipubli-
cae intenti sunt, qui utile ab honesto non se parant: quibus pie-
tas in Deum, patriam, & proximum cordi est. Ex temerariis
consiliis saepissime labefactatae sunt excellentes Respublicae; &
regum auctoritas in discrimen adducta. Contingit & aliquan-
do ut malum consilium fuerit consultori pessimum. Quod eve-
nisse olim Perillo, qui saevitiam Phalaridis conflato bove ahe-
neo incendit. in quo crematus est inventor, & Tyrannus pau-
lo post. Idem accidit & Thrasio; qui Busiridi suadens, ad eli-
ciendas coelo pluvias, Iovi sanguine humano faciendum sa-
crum. Is aquam primus Aegypto dedit. & ad easdem aras Busi-
ris, cum Amphidamante postea ab Hercule iugulatus est.

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XXIX.

Laelio Cleopasso Hydruntino.[1]

MALUM CONSILIUM CONSULTORI PESSIMUM.[2]

Bad advice is most dangerous for him who gives it

COnsultor persaepe malus, dum suadet iniqua,
Consilio patitur parta pericla suo.
Quod docuit quondam tauri fabricator aheni:
Et iugulo Phariis qui dedit hospes aquam.[3]

A bad counsellor, while he advises evil things, often suffers the dangers which come from his own advice. This was taught once by the inventor of the bronze bull, and through his murder by the foreigner who gave water to the Egyptians.

Notes:

1. Laelius Cleopassus, from Otranto (in Calabria), poet and friend of Biossard in Padua. Died soon after the plague of 1576 (see also Boissard 1588, no. 17, [FBOa017]).

2. Proverbial, as in Varro, Res rusticae, 3.2.1, or Aulus Gellius, Noctes Atticae, 4.5. See the same in Paradin, ‘Consultori pessimum’ ([FPAb129]). The Greek inscriptions in the pictura are from Menander, Sententiae (Jaekel edition, 1964), Monosticha, 545 and 552, with some errors (that are ammended in the 1595 edition).

3. A reference to two stories of cruel counsel that backfired on its giver, as related in the commentary: Perillus of Athens was a counsellor of Phalaris, Tyrant of Agrigentum, in Sicily, who advised his master to cruelly execute his enemies by being burned alive on a bronze bull, and was the first to suffer this fate (his master being the second). Thrasius (or Phrasius) was a soothsayer from Cyprus, who advised Busiris, King of Egypt, to sacrifice strangers, in order to avert a famine. As a foreigner himself, he too was the first victim of his own advice. The foreigner Hercules put an end to this practice by killing both Busiris and his son, Amphidamante.



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