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XLV.

METUS EST PLENA TYRANNIS.

TYrannus omnis inimicus est libertati, & legibus contrarius.
Nihil aure tyranni violentius; nihil rapidius ad inferen-
dam iniuriam. Perpetua formidine fluctuabit, qui tyrannum
sequetur. cuius amicitia inconstans & mutabilis, animusque
ad iram & vindictam ob levissimas suspiciones proclivis est.
Ut tyrannus malus est & improbus, sui similibus aulicis gau-
det & delectatur; quibus neque parcit, leviter irritatus. Et cùm
sciat se ab omnibus metui, omnes quoque suspectos habet, in-
ter metum & spem dubius fertur: nihil non formidat; obiectis
omnibus, movetur: nihil inausum nihil intentatum relinquit
quod non aggrediatur, ut à se contrarios conatus removeat.
Magnum est Personam in Republica tueri Principis, qui non
animis solùm debet, sed oculis servire civium. Non tantum
mali est peccare Principes, quantum illud qụd permulti et-
iam imitatores principum existunt. Regis ad exemplum totus
componitur orbis. Quaecunque mutatio morum extiterit in
Principe, eadem in populo statim subsequitur. Et vitia quae
Principes concipiunt, ea celerrimè insundunt in civitatem:
plusque exemplo quàm peccato nocent. Felix fortunatum-
que regnum, cui bonus Rex imperat, legum fautor,
& bonorum morum promo-
tor.[1]

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XLV.

Fabio Taeniae Salernitano.[2]

METUS EST PLENA TYRANNIS.

Tyranny is full of fear

ASsentatorem penso Dyonysius ense
Circunstent regem quanta pericla docet.
Si bonus est, positis vivet securior armis:
Si malus, instanti est proximus exitio.[3]

Dionysius teaches a flatterer by means of a suspended sword what dangers surround the king. If he is good, he may live more safely, with his arms set down; if he is evil, he is very close to instant destruction.

Notes:

1.  In this context (and in the last two lines of the verse), Boissard is probably referring to King Henri IV of France, who in 1593 was coming closer to his goal of laying down arms and ruling a kingdom at peace, and submitting to the rule of a righteous God (though Henri was soon to convert to Catholicism in order to do so, certainly not to the approval of the Protestant Boissard).

2.  Fabius Taenia, from Salerno, in southern Italy.

3.  For Dionysius, Tyrant of Syracuse, and tyrany, see also Boissard 1588, no. 37 ([FBOa037]). For the story of the ‘Sword of Damocles’, see La Perriere, Morosophie, no. 30 ([FLPb030]), Paradin ‘Coelitus impendet’ (It hangs from Heaven; [FPAb088] ), and Cicero, Tusculanae Quaestiones, 5.61-62.



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