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IN FRAUDULENTOS.

Deceivers

Emblema. 49.

Parva lacerta, atris stellatus corpora guttis
Stellio,[1] qui latebras, & cava busta colit,
Invidiae, pravique doli fert Symbola pictus.
Heu nimium nuribus cognita Zelotypis.
Nam turpi obtegitur faciem lentigine quisquis,
Sit quibus immersus stellio, vina bibat.[2]
Hinc vindîcta frequens decepta pellice vino,
Quam formae amisso flore relinquit amans.

The little lizard, called the ‘starred’ gecko from the dark star-shaped marks sprinkled all over its body, a creature that lurks in holes and hollow tombs, is pictured here and presents symbols of resentment and wicked deception, known only too well to jealous wives. For anyone who drinks wine in which a spotted gecko has been soaked comes out in ugly spots all over the face. This is often a way of taking revenge - the husband’s fancy woman is tricked with wine, and, when the flower of her beauty is gone, her lover abandons her.

Notes:

1.  stellio, ‘the ‘starred’ gecko’. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5.461 for the explanation of the name stellio.

2.  Nam turpi...vina bibat, ‘anyone who drinks wine...all over the face’. See Pliny, Natural History, 29.22.73.


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EMBLEMA CXI.

Temeritas.

Rashness

In praeceps rapitur, frustra quoque tendit habenas
Auriga: effrenis [=effreni] quem vehit oris equus.
Haud facilè huic credas, ratio quem nulla gubernat,
Et temerè proprio ducitur arbitrio.[1]

A driver pulled by a horse whose mouth does not respond to the bridle is rushed headlong and in vain drags on the reins. You cannot readily trust one whom no reason governs, one who is heedlessly taken where his fancy goes.

Das CXI.

Verwegenheit.

Gestürtzt werden muß der Furmann
Und umb sonst leitn beym zaum than
Die Pferdt so seyn unbendig wild
Und die man nit kan halten still
Dem fürwar nit wol ztrauwen ist
Der sich die vernunfft zu keinr frist
Füren last, sonder den da thut
Treiben allein sein eigner muth.

Notes:

1.  In general see Plato’s image of the chariot of the soul, Phaedrus, 246, as indicated in the commentary.


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