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Pax.

Peace

EMBLEMA CLXXVII.

Turrigeris humeris, dentis quoque barrus eburni,
Qui superare ferox Martia bella solet,
Supposuit nunc colla iugo, stimulisque subactus,
Caesareos currus ad pia templa vehit.
Vel fera cognoscit concordes undique gentes,
Proiectisque armis munia pacis obit.[1]

The elephant, with its tower-bearing shoulders and ivory tusk, a beast accustomed to dominate the conflicts of Mars with savage ravings, has now submitted its neck to the yoke: subdued by goads, it draws Caesar’s chariot to the holy temples. Even the beast recognises nations reconciled on every side, and rejecting the weapons of war, it performs the duties of peace.

Notes:

1.  This is translated from Anthologia graeca 9.285, which refers to an occasion under the Emperor Tiberius when the statue of the Deified Augustus was for the first time borne in procession in a chariot drawn by elephants.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [e8r p79]

Ex bello pax.

Peace succeeding to war

XLV.

En galea intrepidus quam miles egesserat, & quae
Saepius hostili sparsa cruore fuit.
Parta pace apibus tenuis concessit in usum,
Alveoli atque favos grataque mella gerit.
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [e8v p80]Arma procul iaceant, fas sit tunc sumere bellum.
Quando aliter pacis non potes arte frui.[1]

See here a helmet which a fearless soldier previously wore and which was often spattered with enemy blood. After peace was won, it retired to be used as a narrow hive for bees; it holds honey-combs and nice honey. - Let weapons lie far off; let it be right to embark on war only when you cannot in any other way enjoy the art of peace.

COMMENTARIA.

Adstat galea, quae olim in bello feroci ser-
viebat militi, atque hostili saepe sanguine ma-
culata fuerat, eadem nunc pacis tempore, ef-
fecta est habitaculum sive alveolus apum, fa-
vis & melle repleta (ut mihi videtur ex Ger-
mania
ad Lusitaniam translata, ibi nanque fre-
quentia bella, hîc verò pacifica & tranquilla
omnia). Similiter etiam ex rugienti voracissi-
moque leone, quem postquam Samson discer-
pserat, suavissimus mellis cibus exivit, unde
ipse conveniens aenigma proposuit, de co-
medente exivit cibus & de forti egressa est
dulcedo, in lib. Iudicum cap. 14. Abiicienda
igitur, quinimò abominanda, damni-
fera & crudelia bella, nec nisi
tunc demum assumenda ar
ma, quando in pace
nullo modo vi-
vere conce-
ditur.

Notes:

1.  Cf. Anthologia graeca, 6.236, where bees nest in what were once the beaks (projections at the prow) of war-galleys.


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