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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Hhh4r p855]

Salix.

The willow

EMBLEMA CCI.

Quod frugisperdam salicem vocitarit Homerus,[1]
Clitoriis homines moribus adsimilat.[2]

When Homer called the willow ‘seed-loser’, he made it like men with Clitorian habits.

Notes:

1.  Homer, Odyssey, 10.510. See Pliny, Natural History, 16.46.110: the willow drops its seed before it is absolutely ripe, and for that reason was called by Homer ‘seed-loser’.

2.  The waters of Lake Clitorius in Arcadia generated an aversion to wine in those who drank of them. See Pliny, Natural History, 31.13.16; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.322ff. The combination of the two images here may symbolise minds and characters gone to the bad and producing nothing of value. See Erasmus, Parabolae, p. 268: “As willow-seed, shed before it ripens, is not only itself barren but when used as a drug causes barrenness in women by preventing conception, so the words of those who teach before they have truly learnt sense not only make them no better in themselves, but corrupt their audience and render it unteachable”; and p. 230: “Those who have drunk of the Clitorian Lake develop a distaste for wine, and those who have once tasted poetry reject the counsels of philosophy, or the other way round. Equally, those who gorge themselves with fashionable pleasures reject those satisfactions which are honourable and genuine.”


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  • sobriety; 'Sobrietà', 'Astinenza' (Ripa) [31B59] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Non-procreation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [58AA2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (names of cities and villages excepted) (with NAME [61D(CLITOR)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • (story of) Homer representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(HOMER)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N2v p196]

Le chesne.

XXXII.

Le chesne plait à Dieu, qui nous sauve & ramene.
Qui sauve un citoyen, a couronne de chesne.[1]

Autre.

Le chesne avec son gland a nourri les anciens
Maintenant par son ombre il nous fait mille biens.[2]

Commentaires.

Ces deux distichs sont clairs d’eux mesmes. Les
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N3r p197] Rommains avoyent plusieurs sortes de couronnes.
Mais à celuy qui sauvoit un citoyen ou plusieurs, on
luy bailloit une couronne de chesne. Avant que le
bled & les legumes fussent en usage, le seul gland e-
stoit la viande & nourriture seule des humains. Cest
arbre n’a rien en soy qui ne nous soit proffitable. Son
fruict, ses feuilles, son ombre, son bois, tout nous sert.

Notes:

1.  ‘a crown of oak’, awarded for saving the life of a fellow-soldier; see Pliny, Natural History, 16.3.7.

2.  For the ancient belief that early man fed on acorns see e.g. Lucretius, De Rerum natura, 5.939; Vergil, Georgics, 1.7; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1.106.


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