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Link to an image of this pageá Link to an image of this page á[C8r]

FIRMISSIMA CONVELLI
non posse.

The firmest things cannot be uprooted

Link to an image of this pageá Link to an image of this page á[C8v]

Occeanus quamvis fluctus pater excitet omnes,[1]
Danubiumque omnem barbare Turca bibas,[2]
Non tu[3] irrumpes perfracto limite, Caesar
Dum Charolus populis bellica signa dabit.[4]
Sic sacrae quercus[5] firmis radicibus adstant.
Sicca licent [=licet] venti concutiant folia.

Though Father Ocean rouses all his waves, though, barbarous Turk, you drink the Danube dry, yet you shall not break through the boundary and burst in, while Emperor Charles shall give to his peoples the signal for war. Even so, holy oaks stand firm with tenacious roots, though the winds rattle the dry leaves.

Notes:

1. áThis poem is based on Anthologia graeca 9.291, which refers to a threat to ancient Rome from invading German tribes.

2. áThe Turks invaded along the Danube and reached Hungary, winning the battle of Mohacs in 1526. When Alciato was writing, they continued to threaten Vienna and Central Europe.

3. áLater editions correct to tamen, no doubt to improve the scansion.

4. á Caesar...Charlus, i.e. Emperor Charles V, led the charge to recover the lost territory.

5. á‘holy oaks’. Oaks were holy because sacred to Zeus, especially at his sanctuary at Dodona in Greece ([A50a199]). The image of the dry leaves is already present in the Greek poem, but see also Vergil, Aeneid 4.441-4.


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  • withering, leaves or flowers falling off [25G(+35)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • trees: oak (+ withering, leaves or flowers falling off) [25G3(OAK)(+35)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Asiatic races and peoples: Turks [32B33(TURKS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Constancy, Tenacity; 'Costanza', 'TenacitÓ' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [53A21(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Stability, Firmness; 'Fermezza', 'Stabilimento', 'StabilitÓ' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [53A22(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Invincibility (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A71(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (names of cities and villages excepted) (with NAME) [61D(DANUBE)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • (story of) Oceanus [91B112] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this pageá Link to an image of this page á[E8r p79]

Que las cosas muy firmes no se pueden
arrancar.

Ottava rhima.

Aun qu’el Oceano se embravezca tanto
Que d’el furor rebiente conševido
Haziendo con braveza a’l mundo espanto,
Y de ti sea Turco el Rhin[1] sorbido
No pasaras de raya el pie, por quanto
Tiempo traxere campo el invenšido
Carlos,[2] que como enzina no se muda á[M]
Aunque la foja el viento la sacuda.

[Marginalia - link to text]Carlos Quinto. Emperador

Notes:

1. áThe Spanish implies that the Turks were threatening the Rhine. The Turks invaded along the Danube and reached Hungary, winning the battle of Mohacs in 1526. When Alciato was writing, they continued to threaten Vienna and Central Europe.

2. áEmperor Charles V led the campaign to recover the lost territory.


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  • Asiatic races and peoples: Turks [32B33(TURKS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Constancy, Tenacity; 'Costanza', 'TenacitÓ' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [53A21(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Stability, Firmness; 'Fermezza', 'Stabilimento', 'StabilitÓ' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [53A22(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Invincibility (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A71(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass
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  • (story of) Oceanus [91B112] Search | Browse Iconclass

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