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Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [E6r]

ELOQUENTIA FORTITU-
dine praestantior.[1]

Eloquence superior to strength

Arcum leva tenet, rigidam fert dextera clavam,
Contegit & Nemees corpora nuda leo.
Herculis haec igitur facies? non convenit illud,
Qud vetus & senio tempora cana gerit.
Quid quod lingua illi levibus traiecta cathenis,
Qus fissa facili allicit aure viros.
Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [E6v]An ne quod Alcyden lingua non robore Galli,
Praestantem populis iura dedisse ferunt.
Cedunt arma togae,[2] & quamvis durissima corda,
Eloquio pollens ad sua vota trahit.

His left hand holds a bow, his right hand a stout club, the lion of Nemea clothes his bare body. So this is a figure of Hercules. But he is old and his temples grizzled with age - that does not fit. What of the fact that his tongue has light chains passing through it, by which he draws men along with ready ears pierced? The reason is surely that the Gauls say that Alceus’ descendant excelled in eloquence rather than might and gave laws to the nations. - Weapons yield to the arts of peace, and even the hardest of hearts the skilled speaker can lead where he will.

Notes:

1. This epigram is closely based on Lucian’s essay, The Gallic Hercules.

2. Cf. Cicero’s notorious line, Cedant arma togae, concedat laurea linguae, ‘Let weapons yield to the arts of peace, let laurels yield to eloquence’ (quoted in Quintilian, Institutio oratoria 11.1.24).


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  • ears [31A2213] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Europeans (with NAME) [32B311(FRENCHMEN)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • 'litterae', symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ literature; 'Lettere' (Ripa) [48C90] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Power of Eloquence; 'Forza sottoposta all'Eloquenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52D31(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosit dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virt del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) [54A7] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [R12v f180v]

Remedia in arduo, mala in prono esse.

Remedies are hard, damage is easy

Emblema cxxx.

Aetheriis postqum deiecit sedibus Aten
Iuppiter:[1] heu, vexat qum mala noxa viros!
Evolat haec pedibus celer & pernicibus alis,
Intactmque nihil casibus esse sinit.
Ergo Litae, proles Iovis, hanc comitantur euntem,[2]
Sarturae quidquid fecerit illa mali.
Sed quia segnipedes, luscae, lassaeque senecta,
Nil nisi pst longo tempore restituunt.

Once Jupiter had cast Ate down from the heavenly abode, what an evil bane thereafter assailed poor man! Ate flies out fleet of foot with fast-beating wing and leaves nothing untouched by mishap. So Jove’s daughters, the Litae, accompany her as she goes, to mend whatever ill she has brought about. But they are slow-footed, poor of sight and weary with age, and so they restore nothing until later, after long passage of time.

Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [S1r f181r]

HOmerico hoc figmento significatur qum cele-
ri momento res adversae nos impetant. qum-
que sera iisdem medicina adhibeatur. Quod no-
strates accommodata paraemia efferunt, cm dicti-
tant, mala in equis advenire, id est citissim nos
adgredi: pedibus ver recedere, hoc est tard sen-
smque abire. Fabula est apud Homerum Iliadis ι

Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [S1v f181v]

Remedes sont difficiles rencontrer:
mais les maux ne se presentent
que trop.

APres que Jupiter eut dechassee At
Du celeste manoir, ell’ a par tout gast,
Et combl de malheurs les affaires humaines:
Elle va vistement de ses aisles soudaines,
Elle volle, elle passe, & met par tout malheur:
Brief, rien elle ne laisse o n’y ait de la peur.
Donques les Lites soeurs, & de Jupiter filles,
La suivent puis-apres: mais elles peu habilles
Ne la peuvent si tost r’attaindre, & secourir
Aux maux qu’a faits At, & playes mourir:
Car lousches qu’elles sont, cassees de vieil aage,
Ne peuvent, que bien tard, reparer ce ravage.

PAr ceste fiction d’Homere, est montr
combien soudainement les malheurs
nous assaillent, & que bien tard on y reme-
die. C’est un proverbe ordinaire ceux de
nostre nation, quand ils disent que les maux
viennent cheval, & s’en retournent pied
tout bellement: c’est a dire, qu’ils viennent
bient [=bien] tost & brusquement nous assaillir, &
ne s’en allent que tardivement & longue
traitte de temps. Ceste fable est en Homere,
au neufieme de l’Iliade.

Notes:

1. ‘Jupiter had cast Ate down’. See Homer, Iliad 19. 125ff.

2. ‘the Litae accompany her’. See Homer, Iliad 9.502ff. Ate means ‘Mischief’, Litae, ‘Prayers’. Ate was cast out of Olympus to bring harm to mankind, a personification of humans being led astray. The Litae were a personification of prayers offered in repentance.


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  • Slow Motion (+ emblematical representation of concept) [51MM1(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Viciousness, Naughtiness (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57AA6(+4):54D4(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Revenge, Requital, Retaliation; 'Vendetta' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57AA741(+4):54DD4(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Jupiter seizes Ate by her hair and hurls her down from Olympus, possibly because of the delayed birth of Hercules (+ variant) [92B143(+0)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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