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Concordia.

Concord

In bellum civile duces cm Roma pararet,
Viribus & caderet Martia terra[1] suis,[2]
Mox [=Mos] fuit in partes turmis countibus hasdem,
Coniunctas dextras[3] mutua dona dari.
Foederis haec species, id habet Concordia signum,
Ut quos iungit amor, iungat & ipsa manus.

When Rome was marshalling her generals to fight in civil war and that martial land was being destroyed by her own might, it was the custom for squadrons coming together on the same side to exchange joined right hands as gifts. This is a token of alliance; concord has this for a sign - those whom affection joins the hand joins also.

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Concorde.

Pour la paix faire & casser guerre,
Les anciens touchoient aux mains:
Et navoient pour serment aultre arre,
Les capitaines des Romains.
Ce signe feist les cueurs humains,
Et joignoit la main les concordes:
Ores tel signe nest ferme, ains,
Lon rompt bien du serment les cordes.

Notes:

1. ‘Martial land’, a reference not only to Rome’s bellicose history but to the legend that Rome’s founder Romulus was the son of Mars, the god of war.

2. Cf. Horace, Epodes 16.2, ‘Rome is being destroyed by her own might’ (written during the civil conflicts of 41 BC).

3. These were fashioned in some kind of metal for use as tokens of friendship; see e.g. Tacitus, The Histories 1.54 and 2.8, (referring to another time of civil conflict, 69 - 70 AD). Alciato worked on the text of Tacitus and wrote some annotations.


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In parasitos.

Professional spongers

Emblema xcii.

Quos tibi donamus, fluviales accipe cancros,
Munera conveniunt moribus ista tuis,
His oculi vigiles, & forfice plurimus ordo
Chelarum armatus maximque alvus adest:
Sic tibi propensus stat pingui abdomine venter,
Pernicsque pedes, spiculque apta pedi.
Cm vagus in triviis, mensaeque sedilibus erras,
Inque alios mordax scommata salsa iacis.[1]

Receive these river crabs which we present to you. These gifts match your character. They have watchful eyes, and a great row of claws armed with a pincer, and a huge gut is there. You too have a protruding belly with fat paunch, scuttling feet and sharp weapons on them, as you hang about the crossroads or move among the seats at table, and maliciously shoot your stinging, witty jibes.

ID torquetur in mordacem quendam scurram ven-
trionem, aliena quadra semper asssuetum, mordaci-
bus dictis in alios citra discrimen utentem.

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Contre les Escornifleurs.

ENtens, escornifleur, je te fais un present
D’escrevisses, qui t’est fort propre & bien duisant.
Reois le donques de moy, car de vray l’escrevice
Monstre fort proprement & tes moeurs & ton vice.
Elle a les yeux ouverts, grand ranc de pieds forchus,
Comme tenailles sont, ou bien ciseaux crochus:
Elle porte outreplus un ventre de lanterne,
Tu luy ressembles bien, tout cecy te concerne
Tu vas viste du pied & eguillons tu as:
Aussi as tu, gourmand, un ventre large & gras,
Quand cherchant tes repas & l t’abandonnes,
Et de ton bec pointu les autres tu blasonnes.

CEcy est dit contre un mordant Escorni-
fleur, un ventru, accoustum ses re-
peus franches, & qui use de brocars indiffe-
remment contre un chacun.

Notes:

1. Variant reading in 1550, scommata falsa, ‘libellous witticisms‘.


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