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Scyphus Nestoris.

Nestor’s cup

Nestoreum geminis cratera hunc accipe fundis, [1]
Quod gravis argenti massa profudit opus.
Claviculi ex auro: stant circum quattuor ansae:
Unam quanque super fulva columba sedet.
Solus eum potuit longaevus tollere Nestor.
Maeonidae doceas quid sibi musa velit.
Est coelum scyphus ipse. color argenteus illi est:
Aurea sunt coeli sidera claviculi.
Pleiadas esse putant, quas dixerit ille columbas.[2]
Umblici [=Umbilici] gemini,[3] magna minorque fera est.[4]
Haec Nestor longo sapiens intelligit usu.
Bella gerunt fortes, callidus astra tenet.

Receive this bowl of Nestor with its double support, a work which a heavy mass of silver shaped. Its studs are of gold. Four handles stand about it. Above each one sits a yellow dove. Only aged Nestor was able to lift it. Do tell us what Homer’s Muse intended. The cup itself is the heavens; its colour is silvery; the studs are the golden stars of heaven. They think that what he called doves are the Pleiades. The twin bosses are the great and lesser beast. The wise Nestor understood this by long experience: the strong wage war, the wise man grasps the stars.

Notes:

1.  Nestor’s bowl is described at Homer, Iliad, 11.632-7. Only Nestor, for all his great age could lift it when full. For the interpretation of Nestor’s cup (or mixing bowl) given here, see Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae, 11.487 F ff.

2.  The Greek word for ‘doves’ is πελειάδες.

3.  ‘twin bosses’, i.e. possibly the protuberances inside the bowl where it was joined to the two supports.

4.  ‘great and lesser beast’, i.e. the Great and Little Bear, a phrase based on Ovid, Tristia, 4.3.1: ‘magna minorque ferae’.


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Coppa di Nestore.

Nestor’s cup.


Era il vaso, ove Nestore bevea,
Di bianco e puro argento, e due fondi.
Quattro chiovetti di fin oro havea,
Quattro manichi anchor vaghi e giocondi
Sopra ciascun de quai l’occhio vedea
Una columba, ch’artificio ascondi
La coppa il ciel dinota che d’argento
Assembra, e l’occhio fa pago e contento.
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [p99]I chiovetti si posson dir le stelle,
Ch’imitar l’oro; e le colombe sono
Le pleiade ad altrui lucenti e belle.
I due fondi, di cui scrivo e ragiono
Son le due orse leggiadrette e snelle,
C’hanno sempre il voler sicero e buono.
I forti sanno far ad altri danno,
Del cielo i savi i gran secreti sanno


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