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Ilex.

The holm-oak

Duritie nimia[1] qud sese rumperet ilex,
Symbola civilis seditionis habet.

Because the holm-oak splits spontaneously through excessive inflexibility, it provides symbols for civic discord.

Notes:

1. Duritie nimia, ‘excessive inflexibility’. Cf. Pliny, Natural History, 16.73.186 (tota ossea est ilex, ‘the holm-oak is entirely bone-like’).


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Buxus.

The box-tree

Perpetuo viridis, crispoque cacumine buxus,
Unde est disparibus fistula facta modis,[1]
Deliciis apta est teneris, & amantibus arbor.
Pallor inest illi, pallet & omnis amans. [2]

The box-tree is evergreen, with crinkly shoots. From it was made the pipe with its variously pitched notes. It is a tree appropriate to tender delights and to lovers. Box-wood is pale and so is every lover.

Notes:

1. For pipes of boxwood, see e.g. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4.30.

2. pallet et omnis amans, ‘pale...is every lover’. The lover should affect pallor and emaciation, as these will soften the lady’s heart; see Ovid, Ars Amatoria, 1.729ff.


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  • lovers; courting, flirting [33C2] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • panpipes [48C7353] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Pleasure, Enjoyment, Joy; 'Allegrezza', 'Allegrezza da le medaglie', 'Allegrezza, letitia e giubilo', 'Diletto', 'Piacere', 'Piacere honesto' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56B1(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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