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Malus medica.

The citron

Aurea sunt Veneris poma haec, iucundus amaror
Indicat, est graecis sic glycypicros amor.[1]

These golden fruits belong to Venus: the sweet bitterness tells us that. Even so is love glukupikros for the Greeks.

Notes:

1. γλυκύπικρος, ‘bitter-sweet’, a concept often applied to Love in Hellenistic epigrams.


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  • Europeans (with NAME) [32B311(GREEKS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Pleasure, Enjoyment, Joy; 'Allegrezza', 'Allegrezza da le medaglie', 'Allegrezza, letitia e giubilo', 'Diletto', 'Piacere', 'Piacere honesto' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56B1(+4):56F2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Bitterness; 'Amaritudine' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56BB11(+4):56F2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • attributes of Venus (with NAME) [92C48(ORANGE)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Populus alba.

The white poplar

Herculeos crines bicolor qud populus ornet,[1]
Temporis alternat noxque diesque vices.[2]

The two-coloured poplar wreathes the locks of Hercules - and so its dark and light show time’s alternating changes.

Notes:

1. The white poplar was dedicated to Hercules. According to Pausanias, Periegesis, 5.14.2, Hercules introduced it to Greece. According to another story, Hercules on his way back from the Underworld garlanded his head with stems from a white poplar growing beside the Acheron, a memorial of the nymph Leuke (White) carried off by Pluto.

2. noxque diesque, ‘its dark and light’ (lit. night and day), a reference to the dark green surface and white underside of the white poplar leaf. According to Pliny, Natural History, 16.36.87, the leaves of the white poplar turn over at the summer solstice. Hercules was equated with the sun: Macrobius, Saturnalia, 1.20.6 and 10.


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