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Ira.

Rage.

Alceam veteres caudam dixere leonis,
Qua stimulante iras concipit ille graves.
Luthea cum surgit bilis, crudescit & atro
Felle dolor, furias excitat indomitas.[1]

The ancients called the lion’s tail alcaea, for under its stimulus he takes on dreadful fury. When the yellow bile rises and his temper grows savage with the black gall, the tail incites his indomitable rage.

Notes:

1. The Greek word ἀλκαία was supposedly derived from ἀλκή ‘strength’ (see emblem 86, n.3, [A46a086]). The Etymologicum Magnum, an ancient Greek lexicon, defines ἀλκαία as ‘properly the tail of the lion, because it urges him on to strength (ἀλκή)’. Pliny, Natural History, 8.16.49, describes how the lion’s tail lashes with increasing fury and spurs him on. See also Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.39.


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Le tombeau d’une Paillarde.

Dialogisme.

D. Quel sepulchre est (De Las de Corinthe)
Comment perit femme tant belle, & coincte?
R. (Laide estoit l’ors. Car ses vieux ans venus
Rendu avoit les armes Venus)[1]
D. Que signifie ung Belier escorch
Par la Lyonne au derriere accroch.
Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [G1r p97] (Les amans prins tenoit en telz esbatz)
Masle est Belyer, l’amant est prins au bas.

Las Corinthienne la plus fameuse pail
larde qui fut oncque, feit mettre tel
image sur sa tombe. Donnant en-
tendre sa lubrique rapine par la Lyon-
ne. La follie des amoureux par ung mou-
ton, sotte beste, tondu, & escourch. Et
la paillardise, par la partie basse.

Notes:

1. As a symbol of retirement, the tools of one’s trade were dedicated to the presiding deity


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