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Link to an image of this pageá Link to an image of this page á[C8r p47]

Contra los truanes.

Ottava rhima.

Los ojos bivos el cangrejo tiene,
El vientre lleno, los brašos armados,
A ti truan aqueste don conviene,
Que ansi tienes los ojos abivados,
La lengua armada, el vientre que sostiene
Muy grande carga, quando en los dorados
Palašios, grašias dišes injuriosas
Andando entre las mesas sumptuosas.


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Link to an image of this pageá Link to an image of this page á[K3v p150]

In illaudata laudantes.

Praising the wrong things

EMBLEMA CXXIII.

Ingentes Galatűm semermi milite turmas,
Spem praeter trepidus fuderat Antiochus:[1]
Lucarum c¨m saeva boum vis,[2] ira, proboscis,[3]
Tum prim¨m[4] hostiles corripuisset equos.
Ergo trophaea locans Elephantis imagine pinxit,
Insuper & sociis, Occideramus, ait,
Bellua servasset ni nos foedissima barrus:
Ut superasse iuvat, sic superasse pudet.

Antiochus, in spite of his fears, had beyond all expectation routed the huge squadrons of Galatians with his light-armed troops, when the savage might of elephants, their raging and their trunks, for the first time ever fell upon the enemy’s cavalry. So when he set up the trophy, he adorned it with the picture of an elephant and furthermore said to his troops: ‘We would have fallen, if this revolting beast, the elephant, had not preserved us. Pleasing as it is to conquer, it is galling to conquer like this’.

Notes:

1. áFor this incident, see Lucian, Zeuxis sive Antiochus 8-11. In 276 BC Antiochus I won against fearful odds by directing his sixteen elephants against the Galatian horsemen and scythed chariots. Not only did the horses turn in panic and cause chaos among their own infantry, but the elephants came on behind, tossing, goring and trampling. Although he had won an overwhelming victory, Antiochus did not consider it a matter for congratulation.

2. á‘Might of elephants’, lit. ‘might of Lucanian cattle’, supposedly so called by the Romans because they first saw these strange beasts in Lucania in south Italy, when King Pyrrhus of Epirus made use of them in his defeat of the Romans at the battle of Heraclea in 280 BC. See Pliny, Natural History 8.6.16.

3. áSome editions give dira proboscis, ‘their terrible trunk’.

4. á‘For the first time ever’. The Galatians, Celtic tribes who had invaded Asia Minor, had never seen elephants before. Elephants had often been used in battle on other occasions.


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