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Section: FIDES (Good faith). View all emblems in this section.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [B2r p19]

Nec quaestioni quidem
cedendum.

Do not yield even to torture.

Cecropia effictam quam cernis in arce Leaenam,
Hermodii (an nescis hospes?) amica fuit.
Sic animum placuit monstrare viraginis acrem
More ferae, nomen vel quia tale tulit.
Quòd fidibus contorta, suo non prodidit ullum
Indicio, elinguem reddidit Iphicrates. [1]

This lioness that you see represented on the Athenian citadel was Harmodius’ lover - stranger, you must know the story. This was how they decided to proclaim the brave woman’s fierce spirit, by representing her as a lioness. Besides, her name was Lioness too. Tortured on the rack, she betrayed no-one by her evidence, and so Iphicrates represented the beast without a tongue.

Notes:

1.  Harmodius and Aristogeiton conspired to kill Hipparchus, the brother of the Athenian tyrant Hippias. Harmodius was killed, Aristogeiton arrested and tortured. Also tortured was Leaena (‘Lioness’) a courtesan, beloved of Harmodius, as she too was suspected of being in the conspiracy. She however revealed nothing. After the fall of Hippias, the two men were treated as tyrannicides and bronze statues were erected in their honour (509 BC). To avoid appearing to honour a courtesan, the Athenians had Leaena represented by Iphicrates (or Amphicrates) as a lioness without a tongue, indicating both her name and the reason for remembering her. See Pliny, Natural History 34.19.72; Plutarch, De garrulitate 505E.


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  • tongue [31A22141] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • torture [44G330] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Taciturnity; 'Secretezza', 'Secretezza overo Taciturnità' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52DD3(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Courage, Bravery, Valiance, Manliness; 'Ardire magnanimo et generoso', 'Gagliardezza', 'Valore', 'Virtù heroica', 'Virtù dell'animo e del corpo' (Ripa) [54A8] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Honour, Glory; 'Ampiezza della Gloria', 'Gloria', 'Gloria de prencipi', 'Gloria & Honore', 'Honore', 'Sublimatà della Gloria' (Ripa) [59B31] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • names of cities and villages (with NAME) [61E(ATHENS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • (story of) Harmodius and Aristogiton representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(HARMODIUS & ARISTOGITON)3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(IPHICRATES)3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • female persons from classical history (with NAME) suffering, misfortune of person from classical history [98C(LAENA)6] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [D2r f22r]

Consilio & virtute Chimaeram su-
perari, id est, fortiores &
deceptores.

Wisdom and courage defeat Chimaera (i.e. the powerful and deceivers).

Emblema xiiii.

Bellerophon ut fortis eques superare Chimaeram,
Et Lycii potuit sternere monstra soli:[1]
Sic tu Pegaseis vectus petis aethera pennis,
Consilióque animi[2] monstra superba domas.

Bellerophon, that bold horseman, was able to overcome the Chimaera and lay low the monsters of the Lycian land. You likewise, borne on wings of Pegasus, seek the high heavens and, by the counsel of reason, tame proud monsters.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [D2v f22v]

NUlla est adeò magna & versuta calliditas, nulla
insidiosa vis, nullaeque praestigiae, quas non pos-
sit animi magnitudo, prudénsque consilium soller-
ter effugere. Quanquam enim nobis sit interdum
concertandum cum fortioribus & fraudulentis, non
est tamen animus despondendus, sed assumenda
potius firma quaedam animi constantis, saníque iu-
dicii panoplia. Id ostenditur Bellerophontis histo-
ria, qui multis periculis expositus, evasit incolumis,
equo Pegaso vectus, ut traditur à veteribus poëtis.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [D3r f23r]

Que par bon advis & vertu, sont vaincus les
plus forts & plus grands trompeurs.

LE brave chevalier Bellerophon vainquit
Les monstres Lyciens, & Chimere defit:
Ainsi par meur advis les plus meschans tu domptes,
Et par un bon conseil les monstres tu surmontes;
Comme si tu estois des ailes soustenu
De Pegase, en ton droict & honneur maintenu.

IL n’y a si grande ou deguisee finesse, ny
force pleine de tromperies, ny ruze quel-
conque que l’on ne puisse bien eviter par
grandeur de courage & meure deliberation.
Car quoy que nous soyons quelquefois con-
trains de combattre plus forts que nous &
autres plus rusez, il ne fault pas pourtant
perdre coeur, mais plustost nous[3] munir comme
d’une armure bien esprouvee d’un esprit fer
me & sain jugement. Ce qui est demonstré
par le narré que l’on faict de Bellerophon,
lequel exposé à plusieurs dangereux hazars,
en eschappa estant porté par le cheval Pe-
gase
, ainsi que disent les anciens Poëtes.

Notes:

1.  Corrected from the Errata

2.  The King of Lycia imposed on Bellerophon, among other tasks, that of killing the Chimaera, a fire-breathing monster with a lion’s head, serpent’s tail and goat’s body. He achieved this last with the aid of the winged horse Pegasus, which Athena, goddess of wisdom, helped him to catch.

3.  ‘by the counsel of reason’. The name Bellerophon was interpreted by some as ‘bringer of counsel’. The Chimaera symbolised various uncontrolled passions.


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  • mis-shapen animals; monsters [25F9] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Intellect, Intelligence; 'Intelletto', 'Intelligenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52A1(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Counsel; 'Consiglio' (Ripa) [52E3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosità dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virtù del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A7(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Virtuousness; 'Amor di Virtù', 'Attione virtuosa', 'Guida sicura de' veri honori', 'Virtù', 'Virtù insuperabile' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57A6(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Cheat, Deceit; 'Fraude', 'Inganno' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57AA621(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (names of cities and villages excepted) (with NAME) [61D(LYCIA)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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