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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N1v p194]

Eloquentia Fortitudine prae-
stantior.[1]

Eloquence superior to strength

Arcum laeva tenet: rigidam fert dextera clavam,
Contegit & Nemees corpora nuda leo.
Herculis haec igitur facies. non convenit illud
Quòd vetus & senio tempora cana gerit.
Quid quod lingua illi levibus traiecta cathenis,
Queis fissa facileis allicit aure viros?
Anné quòd Alciden lingua non robore Galli
Praestantem, populis iura dedisse ferunt?
Cedunt arma togae,[2] & quamvis durissima corda
Eloquio pollens ad sua vota trahit.

His left hand holds a bow, his right hand a stout club, the lion of Nemea clothes his bare body. So this is a figure of Hercules. But he is old and his temples grizzled with age - that does not fit. What of the fact that his tongue has light chains passing through it, which are attached to men’s pierced ears, and by them he draws them unresisting along? The reason is surely that the Gauls say that Alceus’ descendant excelled in eloquence rather than might and gave laws to the nations. - Weapons yield to the arts of peace, and even the hardest of hearts the skilled speaker can lead where he will.

Notes:

1.  This epigram is closely based on Lucian’s essay, The Gallic Hercules.

2.  Cf. Cicero’s notorious line, Cedant arma togae, concedat laurea linguae, ‘Let weapons yield to the arts of peace, let laurels yield to eloquence’ (quoted in Quintilian, Institutio oratoria 11.1.24).


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  • extinct, 'historical' peoples (with NAME) [32B2(GAULS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • 'litterae', symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ literature; 'Lettere' (Ripa) [48C90] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Power of Eloquence; 'Forza sottoposta all'Eloquenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52D31(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosità dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virtù del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) [54A7] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O7r f98r]

EMBLEMA CLIII.

Ex bello pax.

Peace succeeding to war

En galea, intrepidus quam miles gesserat: & quae
Saepius hostili sparsa cruore fuit.
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O7v f98v]Parta pace apibus tenuem concessit in usum
Alveoli: hincque favos grataque mella gerit.
Arma procul iaceant: fas sit tunc sumere bellum:
Quando alia [=aliter] pacis non potes arte frui.[1]

See here a helmet which a fearless soldier previously wore and which was often spattered with enemy blood. After peace was won, it subsided into lowly use as a hive for bees; it holds honey-combs and nice honey. - Let weapons lie far off; let it be right to embark on war only when you cannot in any other way enjoy the art of peace.

Das CLIII.

Auß Krieg frid.

Sich an den Helm den auff hat gführt
Der Stoltze Kriegsmann ungeirt
Der auch offt ist in grosser not
Worden bsprengt mit deß Feinds blut rot
Der ist jetzt geben den Binen
Zu eim Binkorb und Hauß drinnen
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O8r f99r] Sie ire Wab und Honig süß
Machen mit fleiß on all verdrüß
All Schwert und Waffen seyen weit
Und man auch nicht ehe greifft zum streit
Dann so man mit keinr andern kunst
Erlangen kan den friden sunst.

Notes:

1.  Cf. Anthologia graeca, 6.236, where bees nest in what were once the beaks (projections at the prow) of war-galleys.


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