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Section: ARBORES (Trees). View all emblems in this section.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P1v p226]

Populus alba.

The white poplar

Herculeos crines bicolor quòd populus ornet,[1]
Temporis alternat noxque, diesque vices.[2]

The two-coloured poplar wreathes the locks of Hercules - and so its dark and light show time’s alternating changes.

Notes:

1.  The white poplar was dedicated to Hercules. According to Pausanias, Periegesis, 5.14.2, Hercules introduced it to Greece. According to another story, Hercules on his way back from the Underworld garlanded his head with stems from a white poplar growing beside the Acheron, a memorial of the nymph Leuke (White) carried off by Pluto.

2.  noxque diesque, ‘its dark and light’ (lit. night and day), a reference to the dark green surface and white underside of the white poplar leaf. According to Pliny, Natural History, 16.36.87, the leaves of the white poplar turn over at the summer solstice. Hercules was equated with the sun: Macrobius, Saturnalia, 1.20.6 and 10.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [S4r f127r]

EMBLEMA CCV [=201] .

Quercus.

The Oak

Grata Iovi est Quercus, qui nos servatque fovetque,
Servanti civem querna corona datur.[1]

The oak is pleasing to Jove who preserves and cherishes us. A crown of oak is given to one who preserves a fellow-citizen.

Das CCV [=201] .

Eychbaum.

Die Eych ist dem Gott Jovi gut
Der uns erhalten, ehrnern thut
Sehr angenem, damit man krönt
Die erhalten die Bürger thündt.

EMBLEMA CCVI [=201 second part] .

Aliud.

Other

Glande aluit veteres,[2] sola nunc proficit umbra,
Sic quoque sic arbos officiosa Iovis.

The oak fed men of old with its acorns. Now it benefits us only with its shade. In this way too the tree of Jove does us service.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [S4v f127v]

Das CCVI [=201 second part] .

Ein anderß.

Die Eichel war der alten speiß
Jetzt braucht mans nur zum schatten leiß
Also ist dieser Baum dienstbar
Dem grossen Gott Jovi fürwar.

Notes:

1.  ‘a crown of oak’, awarded for saving the life of a fellow-soldier; see Pliny, Natural History, 16.3.7.

2.  For the ancient belief that early man fed on acorns see e.g. Lucretius, De Rerum natura, 5.939; Vergil, Georgics, 1.7; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1.106.


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