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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [a7v p14]

Gratiam referendam.

Show gratitude.

V.

Aërio insignis pietate Ciconia nido,
Investes pullos pignora grata fovet.
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [a8r p15]Taliaque expectat sibi munera mutua reddi,
Auxilio hoc quoties mater egebit anus.
Nec pia spem soboles fallit, sed fessa parentum
Corpora fert humeris, praestat & ore cibos.[1]

The stork, famed for its dutiful care, in its airy nest cherishes its featherless chicks, its dear pledges of love. The mother bird expects that the same kind of service will be shown her in return, whenever she needs such help in her old age. Nor does the dutiful brood disappoint this hope, but bears its parents’ weary bodies on its wings and offers food with its beak.

COMMENTARIA.

Inter omnes aves Ciconia pietatis symbo-
lum gerit: nam parentes senecta defectos
vicissim alit, & volandi impotentes humeris
gestat, ut Athenaeus attestatur & Homerus
lib. 4. Iliadis Isidorus in lib. de natura Avium.
Item de immensa Ciconiarum pietate Plinius
lib. 10. cap. 23. & pulchrè Aristophanes in
avibus, Ciconiae magna: cura alunt vicissim
parentes iam aetate deficientes, sola bonitate
naturae ad id agendum impulsae, inquit Ae-
lianus
lib. 15. cap. 4. Ideoque Ciconiae imaginem
exsculpi olim solitam super sceptris re-
gum quò eorum pietas atque
Iustitia indicaretur, refert
Crinitus libro 4.
cap. 13.

Notes:

1.  See Pliny, Natural History 10.32.63: cranes care for their parents’ old age in their turn. See also Aelian, De natura animalium 3.23.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [C1r p33]

Νῆφε, καὶ μέμνησ’ἀπιστεῖν. ἄρθρα ταῦτα τῶν φρενῶν.

Live soberly; do not believe readily. These are the sinews of the mind.

EMBLEMA XVI.

Ne credas, ne (Epicharmus ait[1]) non sobrius esto:
Hi nervi humanae membraque mentis erunt.
Ecce oculata manus[2] credens id quod videt: ecce
Pulegium antiquae sobrietatis olus:
Quo turbam ostenso sedaverit Heraclitus,[3]
Mulxerit & tumida seditione gravem.

Don’t give easy credence; don’t be intemperate. So said Epicharmus, and these maxims will prove the sinews and limbs of man’s mind. See here a hand with an eye, believing what it can see. See the pennyroyal, the plant of ancient soberness. By showing it, Heraclitus calmed the mob and milked it when heavy with bursting sedition

Notes:

1.  Epicharmus ait, ‘So said Epicharmus’. The saying is quoted in Polybius, The Histories, 18.40.

2.  oculata manus, ‘a hand with an eye’. See Plautus, Asinaria, 202: ‘our hands always have eyes - seeing is believing for them’; Erasmus, Adagia, 73 (Oculatae manus).

3.  turbam...sedaverit Heraclitus, ‘Heraclitus calmed the mob’. For this incident concerning the sixth-century BC philosopher Heraclitus, see Plutarch, De garrulitate, 511C: when faced with a discordant mob, Heraclitus said nothing but took a cup of cold water, sprinkled on barley-meal and stirred it with a sprig of pennyroyal. Pennyroyal represents modest fare, contentment and control. Cf. Emblem 185 ([A91a185]), line 8. Heraclitus lived on a diet of herbs. For his pessimistic view of life see Emblem 150 ([A91a150]).


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  • Precaution (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52A24(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Folly, Foolishness; 'Pazzia', 'Sciocchezza', 'Stoltitia' (Ripa) [52AA51] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Carefulness, Diligence; 'Diligenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Temperance, Moderation; 'Misura' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A43(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(EPICHARMUS)3] Search | Browse Iconclass
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