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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [g5r p105]

Quod non capit Christus, ra-
pit fiscus.

What Christ does not receive, the exchequer seizes

LXII.

Exprimit humentes quas iam madefecerat antè
Spongiolas, cupidi Principis arcta manus.
Provehit ad summum fures quos deinde coërcet,
Vertat ut in fiscum quae malè parta suum.[1]

The dripping sponges which he had previously filled with moisture the tight hand of a greedy prince is wringing out. He advances thieves to the top and then puts pressure on them, so that he may divert to his own treasury their ill-gotten gains.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [g5v p106]

COMMENTARIA.

Princeps avarus, quemadmodum iam nunc
madefactam atque inflatam spongiam iterum
premendo exiccat, sic etiam postquam fures
illos aulicos praesertim ad amplas divitias
pervexit, iterum denique eos coërcet ac punit,
ut eorum malè parta in fiscum suum conver-
tantur. Nunc mirum si (ut Iureconsulti di-
cunt) fiscus semper dives praesumatur.

Notes:

1.  This is based on Suetonius, Life of the Deified Vespasian 16.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I4v p136]

Nec quaestioni quidem cedendum.

Do not yield even to torture

LXIII.

Cecropia effictam quam cernis in arce Leaenam,
Harmodii, an nescis hospes? amica fuit.
Sic animum placuit monstrare viraginis acrem
More ferae, nomen vel quia tale tulit.
Quòd fidibus contorta suo non prodidit ullum
Indicio, elinguem reddidit Iphicrates.[1]

This lioness that you see represented on the Athenian citadel was Harmodius’s lover - stranger, you must know the story. This was how they decided to proclaim the brave woman’s fierce spirit, by representing her as a lioness. Besides, her name was Lioness too. Tortured on the rack, she betrayed no-one by her evidence, and so Iphicrates represented the beast without a tongue.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I5r p137]

Ne se faindre pour la question.

LXIII.

Leena fille de peché,
Tant bien a ses amys celé,
Qu’on eust plustost son cueur tranché,
Qu’elle en eust ung seul revelé.
Image est sur son nom dolé,
Et mis au temple pour recors:
Femme ayant sobrement parlé,
Mais qui fist trop pis de son corps.

Notes:

1.  Harmodius and Aristogeiton conspired to kill Hipparchus, the brother of the Athenian tyrant Hippias. Harmodius was killed, Aristogeiton arrested and tortured. Also tortured was Leaena (‘Lioness’) a courtesan, beloved of Harmodius, as she too was suspected of being in the conspiracy. She however revealed nothing. After the fall of Hippias, the two men were treated as tyrannicides and bronze statues were erected in their honour (509 BC). To avoid appearing to honour a courtesan, the Athenians had Leaena represented by Iphicrates (or Amphicrates) as a lioness without a tongue, indicating both her name and the reason for remembering her. See Pliny, Natural History 34.19.72; Plutarch, De garrulitate 505E.


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  • torture [44G330] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Taciturnity; 'Secretezza', 'Secretezza overo Taciturnità' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52DD3(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Courage, Bravery, Valiance, Manliness; 'Ardire magnanimo et generoso', 'Gagliardezza', 'Valore', 'Virtù heroica', 'Virtù dell'animo e del corpo' (Ripa) [54A8] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • names of cities and villages (with NAME) [61E(ATHENS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
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  • female persons from classical history (with NAME) suffering, misfortune of person from classical history [98C(LAENA)6] Search | Browse Iconclass

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