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In desciscentes.

On those who turn traitor

XI.

Qụd fine egregios turpi maculaveris orsus,
In noxamque tuum verteris officium,
Fecisti, quod capra, sui mulctraria lactis
Cùm ferit, & proprias calce profundit opes.[1]

Because you have spoilt your fine beginnings with a shameful end and turned your service into harm, you have done what the she-goat does when she kicks the bucket that holds her milk and with her hoof squanders her own riches.

Notes:

1.  See Erasmus, Adagia, 920 (Capra Syria), where the goat - of Syros, in the Aegean, not Scyros - is wild.


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    Single Emblem View

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [m8v p192]

    In fraudulentos.

    Deceivers

    IX.

    Parva lacerta, atris stellatus corpora guttis
    Stellio,[1] qui latebras, & cava busta colit,
    Invidiae parvique doli fert symbola pictus,
    Heu nimium nuribus cognita zelotypis.
    Nam turpi obtegitur faciem lentigine quisquis.
    Sit quibus immersus Stellio, vina bibat.[2]
    Hinc vindicta frequens decepta pellice vino.
    Quam formae amisso flore relinquit amans.

    The little lizard, called the ‘starred’ gecko from the dark star-shaped marks sprinkled all over its body, a creature that lurks in holes and hollow tombs, is pictured here and presents symbols of resentment and wicked deception, known only too well to jealous wives. For anyone who drinks wine in which a spotted gecko has been soaked comes out in ugly spots all over the face. This is often a way of taking revenge - the husband’s fancy woman is tricked with wine, and, when the flower of her beauty is gone, her lover abandons her.

    Notes:

    1.  stellio, ‘the ‘starred’ gecko’. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5.461 for the explanation of the name stellio.

    2.  Nam turpi...vina bibat, ‘anyone who drinks wine...all over the face’. See Pliny, Natural History, 29.22.73.


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