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Imparitas.

Inferiority

XXIX.

Ut sublime volans tenuem secat ara falco,
Ut pascuntur humi graculus, anser, anas:
Sic summum scandit super aethera Pindarus ingens,
Sic scit humi tantum serpere Bacchylides.[1]

As the falcon cleaves the thin air flying high, as the jackdaw, the goose, the duck feed on the ground, so mighty Pindar soars above the highest heaven, so Bacchylides knows only how to creep along the ground.

Notes:

1. The first two lines are based on Pindar, Nemean Odes, 3.139-144, where Pindar seems to be obliquely disparaging the style and content of Bacchylides, another poet resident, like himself, at the court of Hiero of Syracuse in the early fifth century BC. See Erasmus, Adagia, 820 (Aquila in nubibus); 1988 (Humi serpere).


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    • song-birds: jackdaw (+ animals eating and drinking) [25F32(JACKDAW)(+45)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • predatory birds: falcon [25F33(FALCON)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • water-birds: duck (+ animals eating and drinking) [25F36(DUCK)(+45)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • water-birds: goose (+ animals eating and drinking) [25F36(GOOSE)(+45)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Imparity, Inequality (+ emblematical representation of concept) [51BB3(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(BACCHYLIDES)3] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • (story of) Pindar representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(PINDAR)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    In nothos.

    Bastards

    XXVI.

    Herculeos spurii semper celebretis honores:
    Nam vestri princeps ordinis ille fuit.[1]
    Nec prius esse deus potuit,[2] qum sugeret infans
    Lac, sibi quod fraudis nescia Iuno dabat.[3]

    Bastards, you should always celebrate the honours of Hercules, for he was the chief of your line. He could not become a god until as a babe he sucked the milk which Juno was giving him, unaware that she was being tricked.

    Notes:

    1. Hercules was fathered by Jupiter on Alcmene, wife of Amphitryon of Thebes, and became his father’s favourite. Juno, wife of Jupiter, in jealousy pursued Hercules with implacable hatred.

    2. After all his Labours (see previous emblem) and other exploits, Hercules, by the will of Jupiter, was received among the gods. See e.g. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 9.156ff; Cicero, De officiis, 3.25.

    3. For the story of Juno tricked by Jupiter into suckling the loathed Hercules see Pausanias, 9.25.2. This divine milk apparently counteracted Hercules’ illegitimate birth which otherwise disqualified him for heaven. See Erasmus, Adagia, 2070 (Ad Cynosarges).


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