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Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[n8v p208]

Invidia.

Envy

LXIIII.

Squallida vipereas manducans foemina carnes,
Cuique dolent oculi,[1] quaeque suum cor edit,
Quam macies, & pallor habent, spinosaque gestat
Tela manu, talis pingitur invidia.[2]

A filthy woman chewing the flesh of vipers, whose eyes give her pain, who gnaws her own heart, in the grip of emaciation and pallor, carrying prickly sticks in her hand - thus is Envy depicted.

Notes:

1.Oculi dolent is a proverbial expression, referring to the pain of seeing what one does not like.

2.This description is taken from Ovid, Metamorphoses, 2.760ff., a depiction of the House of Envy.


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    Single Emblem View

    Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[O8r p224]

    La gourmandise.

    LXVI.

    Qui veut representer un goulu ou goulue,
    Grosse panse il luy baille, & un grand col de grue,[1]
    Et luy met sur ses poings la foulque & le butor.
    Tel estoit un Denis,[2] & un Apice encor,[3]
    Qui par leur gloutonnie & molle friandise
    Font qu’encor aujourd’huy pour goulus on les prise.

    Commentaires.

    La foulque & le butor sont oiseaux extremement
    goulus, & qui ne se peuvent jamais soulersouler: & pource
    sont-ils employťs par les poŽtes, quand ils veulent re-
    Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[P1r p225] marquer un vray goulu. Denys & Apice sont te-
    nus pour patriarches des frians: aussi en ont-ils publiť
    des preceptes, qui encor aujourd-huy se voyent tra-
    duicts en divers vulgaires: Ils ne sont pas seuls. Il n’y
    en a que trop encor par tout.

    Notes:

    1.These birds were symbols of ravenous greed. The pelican is called inexplebile animal, ‘insatiable creature’, by Pliny, Natural History, 10.66.131; cf. Emblem 83 ([FALe083]). For the gull, see Erasmus, Adagia, 1133 (Larus: the gull will also fit food-suppliers because it is a bird with an appetite for fish).

    2.Dionysius II, Tyrant of Syracuse. After his deposition, he lived in Corinth, and many anecdotes were told of his indulgent way of life there, including the story that he died of being overweight.

    3.Apicius was a famous gourmet of the time of the Emperor Tiberius. See Seneca, De consolatione, 10.8-9 and Martial, Epigrams, 3.22: he spent a hundred million sesterces on food items and committed suicide for fear of starvation on discovering that he had only one million left. He composed two cookery books, but the one which has come down to us under his name is a fourth- to fifth-century compilation drawing on his works and several others (ed. princ. Le Signerre, Milan 1498).


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      • Gluttony, Intemperance, 'Gula'; 'Gola', 'Ingordigia', 'Ingordigia overo Avidit√ɬ†', 'Voracit√ɬ†' (Ripa) ~ personification of one of the Seven Deadly Sins [11N35] Search | Browse Iconclass
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      • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ abdomen, belly) [31A444(+13)] Search | Browse Iconclass
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      • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ neck) [31A444(+615):25F37(CRANE)(+3)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Intemperance, Immoderation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54AA43(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • specific aspects, allegorical aspects of Bacchus; Bacchus as patron [92L17] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(APICIUS, Marcus Gavius)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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