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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [o2r p211]

Vis naturae.

The power of nature

LXXVI [=77] .

Pana colunt gentes, (naturam hoc dicere rerum est)
Semicaprumque hominem, semivirumque Deum.
Vir tenus umblico est, hominum quòd propria virtus[1]
Corde oriens celsa verticis arce sedet.
Hinc caper est, quia nos naturam [=natura] in secla propagat
Concubitu, ut volucres, squamea, bruta, feras.
Quod commune aliis animantibus, est caper index
Luxuriae, Veneris, signaque aperta gerit.
Cordi alii sophian, alii tribuere cerebro.
Inferiora modus, nec ratio ulla tenet.

Pagans worship Pan, that is the force of nature, a man half-goat, a god half-man. Pan is a man down to the navel, because the power that is peculiar to men rises from the heart and has its seat in the high citadel of the head. Below this he is goat, because Nature perpetuates us down the ages by sexual intercourse, as she does birds, fish, brute beasts and wild. This is a thing shared with other living creatures. The goat is a sign of licentiousness, and carries Venus’ standards unconcealed. Wisdom some have assigned to the heart, others to the head. The lower parts neither restraint nor reason governs.

Notes:

1.  Variant reading, Est vir pube tenus, quod nobis insita virtus, ‘Pan is a man down to the loins, because the power that is naturally present in us men rises...’.


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P4v p232]

    La fuerza de la Naturaleza.[1]

    SONETO.

    A'l Pan por dios (digo à Naturaleza)
    Tuvieron los Gentiles figurado
    Medio cabron y hombre, y an notado
    El ser de la Natura en su çerteza.
    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P5r p233] Es hombre d’el ombligo à la cabeza,
    Porque del coraçon es levantado
    El entender, y despues sublimado
    En el cerebro adquiere su destreza.
    Es lo de mas cabron, porque Natura
    Multiplica con el ayuntamiento
    Los hombres, aves, peçes y animales.
    Y ansi el cabron declara la mistura
    Que nos es con los brutos, y el assiento
    De la razon nos haze divinales.

    Notes:

    1.  The woodcut used here is also used in ‘La luxuria’ [[A49a174]], but not that found in three emblems in the French editions of 1549. See [[FALb066]], [[FALb091]] and [[FALb115]].


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    • Prudence, 'Prudentia'; 'Prudenza' (Ripa) ~ one of the Four Cardinal Virtues [11M41] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Licentiousness, Lasciviousness; 'Lascivia', 'Licenza' (Ripa) [57AA51] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Instinct, Natural Disposition; 'Instinto naturale' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [58B6(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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