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Section: LA REPUBLICQUE. View all emblems in this section.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [M4v p184]

Salut publicque.[1]

Aisculape[2] est sur les autelz perché,
Soubz ung cruel serpent, doulx Dieu caché:
Malades vont vers luy faire oraison,
Il leur faict signe, & donne guerison.

Aisculape souverain medicin, filz de Apollon inventeur
de Medicine, estimé Dieu de Medicine, Fut par une grande pe-
stilence transporté d’Epidaure (qui est Albanie) à Romme, en
guise d’ung serpent grand, & privé, sans mal faire: à la venue
duquel la Pestilence cessa, & tous malades furent gueriz. Par-
quoy par luy est signifié salut public. Ce que plus tost & mieulx
pourroit estre dict, du serpent d’erain, pendu par Moses au de-
sert, le regard duquel guerissoit ceulx qui estoient morts des
serpens enflamméz, prefigurant Jesuchrist pendu en croix. Le
vray Aisculape des ames.

Notes:

1.  In the 1549 French edition, this emblem has no woodcut.

2.  Aesculapius, son of Phoebus [Apollo] and god of medicine and healing. His main sanctuary and centre of healing was near Epidaurus in Greece. The god’s epiphany and symbol was a snake, and a number of sacred snakes were kept at the sanctuary. One of these was brought to Rome in 293 BC in hopes of stopping an outbreak of plague. The snake made its home on the Island in the Tiber, where a shrine and medical centre was subsequently built. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.626ff.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R6r f121r]

EMBLEMA CXCIII [=192] .

Aëre quandoque salutem redimen-
dam.

Sometimes money must be spent to purchase safety

Et pedibus segnis, tumida & propendulus alvo,
Hac tamen insidias effugit arte fiber.
Mordicus ipse sibi medicata[1] virilia vellit,
Atque abicit, sese gnarus ob illa peti.
Huius ab exemplo disces non parcere rebus,
Et vitam ut redimas, hostibus aera dare.[2]

Though slow of foot and with swollen belly hanging down, the beaver nonetheless escapes the ambush by this trick: it tears off with its teeth its testicles, which are full of a medicinal substance, and throws them aside, knowing that it is hunted for their sake. - From this creature’s example you will learn not to spare material things, and to give money to the enemy to buy your life.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R6v f121v]

Das CXCIII [=192] .

Man sol zu zeiten kein Gelt ansehen
daß man sich ledige.

Ein Biber ob er wol ist träg
Auff sein Füßn und hat ein bauch, läg
Jedoch so kan er artlich frey
Der Hünd empfliehen groß geschrey
Sein Hödlin er im selbs hrauß reist
Und herab hauwt dieweil er weist
Daß man darumb nachstellen thut
Im, dann in der Artzney seinds gut
An diesem nim ein Beyspil ebn
Das du zu erretten dein lebn
Vor deinem Feind kein Gut noch Gelt
Erkargen noch ersparen sölt.

Notes:

1.  Corrected from the errata.

2.  This is based on Aesop, Fables 153, where the same moral is drawn. For the information about the beaver, see Pliny, Natural History 8.47.109; Isidore, Etymologiae (Origines) 12.2.21.


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