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EMBLEMA LXXVII

Pudicitia.

Chastity

Porphirio domini si incaestet in aedibus uxor
Despondetque animum, praeque dolore perit.
Abdita in arcanis naturae est causa, sit index
Syncerae haec volucris certa pudicitiae.[1]

If the wife in its master’s house is unfaithful, the moorhen despairs and dies of grief. The reason lies hidden in the secrets of nature. This bird may serve as a sure sign of untarnished chastity.

Das LXXVII.

Keuschheit.

So die Frauw im hauß ir Ehr bricht
Daß ir Mann nicht weist und nicht sicht
Der purpur Vogel also schnell
Vor leid er vergeth und stirbt grell
Die ursach aber ist allein
Verborgen in der Natur gheim
Dieser Vogel ein gewiß zeichen geit
Der rein unbefleckten keuschheit.

Notes:

1.  For this information about the porphyrio (purple gallinule, a kind of moorhen) see Aelian, De Natura animalium, 3.42; Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae, 9,388C: the purple gallinule ... when it is domesticated, ... keeps a sharp eye on married women and is so affected if the wife commits adultery, that it ends its life by strangling and so gives warning to its master.


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    Pudicitia.

    Chastity

    Emblema xlvii.

    Porphyrio, domini si incestet in aedibus uxor,
    Despondétque animum, praeque dolore perit.
    Abdita in arcanis naturae est caussa: sit index
    Sincerae haec volucris certa pudicitiae.[1]

    If the wife in its master’s house is unfaithful, the moorhen despairs and dies of grief. The reason lies hidden in the secrets of nature. This bird may serve as a sure sign of untarnished chastity.

    AElianus historiae animalium lib. 14. scribit Por-
    phyrionem avem, muliebris pudicitiae observa-
    torem esse, matrísque familiâs adulterium suspen-
    dio suo indicare. Alii etiam autores idem prodi-
    derunt. Huius rei caussa est in in abditis naturae arca-
    nis. tantùm liceat hinc colligere, quàm turpe,
    quámque flagitiosum sit adulterium, cuius actu
    vel clanculario, avicula se sponte vita privet.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [H10r f70r]

    Marque de pudicité.

    QUand le Porphyrion s’apperçoit chez son maistre
    Que la Dame à un autre ose bien se prester,
    Il se fasche & despite, & le cas faict congnoistre;
    Meurt là dessus, voulant ce crime detester.
    Quoy que la cause soit occulte en la nature,
    Si n’est elle pourtant venue d’avanture:
    Mais l’oiseau sera prins en sens d’honnesteté,
    Et symbolisera vraye pudicité.

    AElian en son histoire des animaux, livre
    14. dit que l’oiseau nommé Porphy-
    rion a ceste façon qu’il prend garde à la pu-
    dicité des femmes, & se pend & estrangle
    quand la mere de famille à faict faux bond
    à son mary. Ce que tesmoignent aussi quel-
    ques autres autheurs. La cause de cecy est
    cachee dans les secrets de nature. Dont
    nous pouvons apprendre combien est vil-
    lain & meschant le crime d’adultere, à l’oc-
    casion duquel, quoy qu’il soit commis en
    cachette, cest oiseau volontairement se pri-
    ve de la vie.

    Notes:

    1.  For this information about the porphyrio (purple gallinule, a kind of moorhen) see Aelian, De Natura animalium, 3.42; Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae, 9,388C: the purple gallinule ... when it is domesticated, ... keeps a sharp eye on married women and is so affected if the wife commits adultery, that it ends its life by strangling and so gives warning to its master.


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