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EMBLEMA XC.

Amuletum Veneris.

A charm against love

Inguina dente fero suffosum Cypris adomi[1]
Lactucae foliis condidit exanimem,
Hinc genitali arvo tantum lactuca resistit,
Quantum eruca salax[2] vix stimulare potest.

The Cyprian goddess wrapped in lettuce leaves the lifeless Adonis, gored in the groin by the savage tusk. For this reason, lettuce deadens the procreative field even more than the aphrodisiac rocket can stimulate it.

Das XC.

Der liebe Brunst gegen Artzney und
Theriacks.

Den Adonin so das wild Schwein
Mit scharpffen Waffen beyn gmechten sein
Erhauwen hett und lag ohn seel
Cypris mit Lattich umbgab schnell
Daher so fast die Ehelich werck
Der Lattich hindert als da sterckt
Dieselben der garten Senff weiß
Der den Samen erwegt mit fleiß.

Notes:

1.  The errata suggest correction to ‘Adonis’. For the story of Venus and Adonis and his fatal wounding by a wild boar, see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 10.529ff. and 705ff. Cyprus was one of the main centres of the worship of Venus, hence the name Cypris.

2.  eruca salax, ‘the aphrodisiac rocket’. See Emblem 91 ([A67a091]), n.3. The effects of the plants rocket and lettuce are contrasted at Pliny, Natural History, 19.44.154.


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I7r f58r]

    EMBLEMA LXXXIX.

    Inviolabiles telo cupidinis.

    Immune to Cupid’s dart

    Nè dirus te vincat amor neu foemina mentem
    Diripiat magicis artibus ulla tuam:
    Bacchica avis praesto tibi motacilla paretur,
    Quàm quadriradiam circuli in orbe loces:
    Ore crucem, & cauda, & geminis ut complicet alis,[1]
    Tale Amuletum carminis omnis erit.
    Dicitur hoc Veneris signo Pegasaeus Iason
    Phasiacis laedi, non potuisse dolis.[2]

    To prevent merciless love overcoming you, to prevent any woman plundering your mind with magic arts, provide yourself with a wagtail, bird of Bacchus. Place it spread four ways within the sphere of a circle, so that it forms the arms of a cross with its beak, tail and paired wings. Such a thing will be an amulet against all magic spells. Through this figure, the gift of Venus, it is said that Jason of Pagasae became immune to the wiles of Phasis.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I7v f58v]

    Das LXXXIX.

    Denen das Bulsüpplin nit schadt.

    Damit kein Weib dein Gmüt bind
    Und mit liebe gar uberwind
    Dich nit mit irgend einer Kunst
    Verhefft in liebes strick und brunst
    So thue tragen für ein Artzney
    In ein zwifachen Circkel frey
    Die Bachsteltzen so etwa war
    Geheiligt dem Gott Baccho gar
    Die mit den zwen Flügeln außgspreit
    Von einander fliegend bereit
    Und mit dem Schnabel und dem Schwantz
    Ein Creutz formier und mache gantz
    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I8r f59r] Mit diesem zeichen sagt man sey
    Vor der Medea zauberey
    Behüt versichert und verwart
    Gwesen Jason der Held on gspart.

    Notes:

    1.  These lines describe the rhombos, a device used in casting love-spells. The bird usually employed was a wryneck, associated with Bacchus, possibly because of its dappled markings. (Cf. the dappled fawns associated with the god.) The wagtail seems to have been confused with the wryneck in folk belief.

    2.  Pagasa (or Pagasae) was the place in Thessaly where the ship Argo was built, in which the Argonauts, led by Jason, sailed to Colchis in the region round the river Phasis to fetch the Golden Fleece. In this and in other tasks imposed on them by the king of Phasis they were helped by the sorceress Medea, daughter of the king. Instructed by Venus, Jason used the rhombos to cause Medea to fall in love with him and so use her spells to help, not harm, him. See Pindar, Pythian Odes 4.216ff.


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    • witchcraft, sorcery [13B] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • (personifications and symbolic representations of) Love; 'Amore (secondo Seneca)' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56F2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • attributes of Cupid (with NAME) [92D18(DART)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Jason and Medea at the altar of Hecate (or Diana): Medea gives him a magic herb or ointment [94A43] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • (story of) Jason [95A(JASON)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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