Single Emblem View

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N6v f89v]

EMBLEMA CXXXIX.

ἐχθρῶν ἄδωρα δῶρα. Hostium dona non
dona. In hostium dona.[1]

The gifts of enemies are no gifts. On the gifts of enemies.

Bellorum coepisse ferunt monumenta vicissim
Scutiferum Aiacem Hectoraque Iliacum.
Balthea Priamides, rigidum Thelamonius ensem,
Instrumenta suae cepit uterque necis.
Ensis enim Aiacem confecit, at Hectora functum
Traxêre Aemoniis cingula nexa rotis.
Sic titulo obsequii quae mittunt hostibus hostes
Munera, venturi praescia fata ferunt.[2]

The story tells that shield-bearing Ajax and Hector of Troy exchanged souvenirs of battle. Priam’s son took the sword-belt, Telamon’s descendant the rigid sword, each accepting the instrument of his own death. For the sword destroyed Ajax, and the belt, attached to Thessalian wheels, dragged the dead Hector. So the gifts which enemies give to enemies, seemingly doing honour, knowing what is to come, bring doom.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N7r f90r]

Das CXXXIX.

Feinds geschenck seind unnütze Geschenck.

Wider die Feinds gaben.

Der Schiltträger Ajax wie dsag
Und Hector von Troja on zag
Habn in dem Krieg einandr verehrt
Und einander Denckzeichen beschert
Ajax gab Prians Son ein gürt
Darfür im ein scharpffes Schwert wirt
Sie empfiengend aber all beid
Jeder ein werck zeug zu seim leid
Dann Ajacem das Schwert auffrib
Hector abr an der Gürtel blieb
Darmit ward er herumb gschleifft todt
An deß Achillis Wagen rot
Also die Gaben und Geschenck
Die ein Feind dem andern zusendt
Under dem namen liebs und dienst
Zeigen an fürwar ein böß gspenst.

Notes:

1.  The gifts of enemies are no gifts. See Sophocles, Ajax 665, where Ajax so speaks of the ill-fated sword he had received from Hector.

2.  See Homer Iliad 7.299, for the occasion in the Trojan War when Hector (the Trojan hero, son of Priam) and Ajax (Telamon’s descendant, one of the best fighters on the Greek side) met in single combat and afterwards, the honours being even, exchanged gifts. (Ajax was carrying the vast shield for which he was famed). Later, he committed suicide by falling on the sword he received from Hector (Emblem 66 [A67a066] notes; and Emblem 137 [A67a137] notes). Hector was later killed in single combat by Achilles (prince of Thessaly, the Greek champion), who desecrated the body by tying it behind his chariot (it is suggested here that he used the sword-belt Hector had received from Ajax) and dragging it about before the eyes of the Trojans. See Emblem 196 [A67a196].


Related Emblems

Show related emblems Show related emblems

Hint: You can set whether related emblems are displayed by default on the preferences page


Iconclass Keywords

Relating to the image:

Relating to the text:

Hint: You can turn translations and name underlining on or off using the preferences page.

Single Emblem View

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N8r f91r]

EMBLEMA CXLII.

Ira.

Rage.

Alcaeam veteres caudam dixere Leonis,
Qua stimulante iras concipit ille graves.
Lutea cum surgit bilis, crudescit & atro
Felle dolor, furias excitat indomitas.[1]

The ancients called the lion’s tail alcaea, for under its stimulus he takes on dreadful fury. When the yellow bile rises and his temper grows savage with the black gall, the tail incites his indomitable rage.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N8v f91v]

Das CXLII.

Zorn.

Die alten haben sLöwen Schwantz
Alceam reitz sterck gnennet gantz
Mit welchem so er sich selbs schlecht
Zu grossem zorn er wirt bewegt
Wann die grün gel Gall auffsteign thut
Erneuwerts den schmertzen mit unmuth
Erwegt gantz unberd und ungstumb
Die wütend unsinnigkeit thumb.

Notes:

1.  The Greek word ἀλκαία was supposedly derived from ἀλκή ‘strength’ (see emblem 4, n.3, [A67a004]). The Etymologicum Magnum, an ancient Greek lexicon, defines ἀλκαία as ‘properly the tail of the lion, because it urges him on to strength (ἀλκή)’. Pliny, Natural History, 8.16.49, describes how the lion’s tail lashes with increasing fury and spurs him on. See also Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.39.


Related Emblems

Show related emblems Show related emblems

Hint: You can set whether related emblems are displayed by default on the preferences page


Iconclass Keywords

Relating to the image:

    Relating to the text:

    • beasts of prey, predatory animals: lion (+ silent means of communication of animal(s): wagging of tail etc.) [25F23(LION)(+491)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • beasts of prey, predatory animals: lion (+ fighting animals; aggressive relations) [25F23(LION)(+51)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Rage, Anger (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

    Hint: You can turn translations and name underlining on or off using the preferences page.

     

    Back to top

    Privacy notice
    Terms and conditions