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EMBLEMA CLXXIX [=178] .

Vespertilio.

The bat

Assumpsisse suum volucri ex Meneide nomen,[1]
Socraticum authores Choerephoonta ferunt[2]
Fusca viro facies, & stridens vocula, tali
Hunc hominem potuit commaculare nota.

Writers tell us that Chaerephon, Socrates’ follower, got his particular name from the winged daughter of Minyas. It was his sallow complexion and squeaky little voice that gave rise to such a slur to sully his reputation.

Das CLXXIX [=178] .

Fledermauß.

Die Gschichtschreiber geben zuverston
Daß der Socratisch Cherophon
Sein namen empfangen hab drauß
Von der Meneischen Fledermauß
Ein Mann so hat ein braun angsicht
Und ein stimm zu zischen gericht
Disen Menschen man mercken kan
Mit diesem zeichen, und verstan.

Notes:

1.  For the transformation of the daughters of Minyas (the founder of the earliest race of Greeks) into bats - for refusing to worship Dionysus - see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4.389ff.

2.  Chaerophon, a distinguished disciple of Socrates, was nick-named ‘The Bat’ and ‘Boxwood’ for his pale complexion and poor health, supposedly brought on by excessive study. See Aristophanes, Aves, 1564; Philostratus, Vitae sophistarum, 1.482.


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    • flying mammals: bat [25F28(BAT)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • study and diversion [49A1] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • studying at night [49B4411] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Minyas' daughters changed into bats: having aroused Bacchus' anger by weaving instead of worshipping him, the daughters of Minyas, Leuconoe (Leucippe), Alcithoe and Arsippe, are changed into bats by the god (Ovid, Metamorphoses IV 399) [97CC7] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(CHAEREPHON)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Maledicentia.

    Evil speaking

    Emblema. li.

    Archilochi[1] tumulo insculptas de marmore vespas
    Esse ferunt,[2] linguae certa sigilla malae.

    They say that on the tomb of Archilochus wasps were carved in marble, sure figures of an evil tongue.

    SImile quid legitur in 3. Graecorum epigramma-
    ton. Vespae autem tumulo Archilochi affixae, ef-
    frenis linguae petulantiam arguunt. Quod torqueri
    facilè potest in scriptorem quendam maledicum,
    quíque alios fuerit insana quadam obtrectandi li-
    centia infectatus. Vespae sunt raucae & mordaces:
    acriter enim pungunt, sed neque mel, neque ceram
    fingunt: ita maledicis unum carpendi, convician-
    díque studium, in caeteris inutiles & inepti.

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    Mesdisance.

    SUr le tombeau d’Archilochus assises
    Les Guespes sont, qui servent de devises,
    Pour demonstrer son eguillon cuisant,
    Et qu’il fut trop poignant & mesdisant.

    LE semblable se trouve au 3. des epigram-
    mes Grecs, Les Guespes mises sur le
    tombeau d’Archilochus, denotent une lan-
    gue mauvaise & pleine de malledicence.
    Ce que se peust aussi accommoder à l’encon-
    tre d’un escrivain mesdisant, & qui n’a faict
    autre estat que detracter des autres avec
    licence du tout desbordee. Les Gues-
    pes sont rauques & poignantes: car elles pic-
    quent fort serré: cependant elles ne font ny
    miel ny cire: tels sont les mesdisans, qui se
    contentent seulement de mordre & poindre.
    Mais en toutes autres choses ils sont inuti-
    les & ineptes.

    Notes:

    1.  Archilochus was an eighth-century BC poet, author of much (now fragmentary) verse, including satire. This last was considered in antiquity to be excessively abusive and violent. See Horace, Ars Poetica, 79; also Erasmus, Adagia, 60 (Irritare crabrones).

    2.  ferunt, ‘they say’: words suggested by Anthologia Graeca, 7.71, an epigram concerning the tomb of Archilochus.


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    • Calumny, Detraction; 'Biasimo vitioso', 'Calunnia', 'Detrattione', 'Maledicenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57BB25(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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