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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q6v-f113v]

EMBLEMA CLXXXI [=180] .

In fraudulentos.

Deceivers

Parva lacerta, atris stellatus corpora guttis
Stellio,[1] qui latebras, & cava busta colit.
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q7r f114r]Invidiae, pravique doli fert symbola pictus.
Heu nimium nuribus cognita zelotypis.
Nam turpi obtegitur faciem, lentigine quisquis,
Sit quibus immersus Stellio, vina bibat.[2]
Hinc vindicta frequens decepta pellice vino,
Quam formae amisso flore relinquit amans.

The little lizard, called the ‘starred’ gecko from the dark star-shaped marks sprinkled all over its body, a creature that lurks in holes and hollow tombs, is pictured here and presents symbols of resentment and wicked deception, known only too well to jealous wives. For anyone who drinks wine in which a spotted gecko has been soaked comes out in ugly spots all over the face. This is often a way of taking revenge - the husband’s fancy woman is tricked with wine, and, when the flower of her beauty is gone, her lover abandons her.

Das CLXXXI [=180] .

Von den trügenhafftigen arglistigen .[3]

Das Edexen Gschlecht so ist klein
Und gesprecklet an der Haut sein
Darnach mans auch zu nennen pflegt
Und in die höler sich versteckt
Ist ein bedeutnuß abgebildt
Der verbunst, deß trug und lists milt
Fürwar den Hünen ist bekannt
Die uber ir man eyffrn im Welschlandt
Dann welches trincken thut den wein
Darinn diese würm erseufft sein
Diß angsicht wirt voll flecken gsetzt
Gantz ungstalt und die schön verletzt
Offt reichen sich mit diesem Wein
Die in nagen an irem beyn
Daß der Buler die dirne haßt
Weil sie ir schöne gstalt verlaßt.

Notes:

1.  stellio, ‘the ‘starred’ gecko’. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5.461 for the explanation of the name stellio.

2.  Nam turpi...vina bibat, ‘anyone who drinks wine...all over the face’. See Pliny, Natural History, 29.22.73.

3.  The German in certain parts of this emblem is particularly puzzling.


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [o1r p209]

    Ira.

    Rage.

    LXIX [=70] .

    Alceam veteres caudam dixere leonis.
    Qua stimulante iras concipit ille graves.
    Lutea cùm surgit bilis, crudescit & atro
    Felle dolor, furias excitat indomitas.[1]

    The ancients called the lion’s tail alcaea, for under its stimulus he takes on dreadful fury. When the yellow bile rises and his temper grows savage with the black gall, the tail incites his indomitable rage.

    Notes:

    1.  The Greek word ἀλκαία was supposedly derived from ἀλκή ‘strength’ (see emblem 286, n.3 [A56a286]). The Etymologicum Magnum, an ancient Greek lexicon, defines ἀλκαία as ‘properly the tail of the lion, because it urges him on to strength (ἀλκή)’. Pliny, Natural History, 8.16.49, describes how the lion’s tail lashes with increasing fury and spurs him on. See also Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.39.


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      • beasts of prey, predatory animals: lion (+ silent means of communication of animal(s): wagging of tail etc.) [25F23(LION)(+491)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • tail of an animal «« QUEUE OF KEY (343) TO 34(+9) zoological aspects of animals ~ man and animal [34(+9343)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Rage, Anger (+ emblematical representation of oddslot concept) [56E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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