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Consilio & virtute Chimaeram superari,
hoc est, fortiores & deceptores.

Wisdom and courage defeat Chimaera (i.e. the powerful and deceivers).

EMBLEMA XIIII.

Bellerophon ut fortis eques superare Chimaeram.
Et Lycii potuit sternere monstra soli:[1]
Sic tu Pegaseis vectus petis aethera pennis,
Consilioque animi[2] monstra superba domas.

Bellerophon, that bold horseman, was able to overcome the Chimaera and lay low the monsters of the Lycian land. You likewise, borne on wings of Pegasus, seek the high heavens and, by the counsel of reason, tame proud monsters.

Notes:

1. The King of Lycia imposed on Bellerophon, among other tasks, that of killing the Chimaera, a fire-breathing monster with a lion’s head, serpent’s tail and goat’s body. He achieved this last with the aid of the winged horse Pegasus, which Athena, goddess of wisdom, helped him to catch.

2. ‘by the counsel of reason’. The name Bellerophon was interpreted by some as ‘bringer of counsel’. The Chimaera symbolised various uncontrolled passions.


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  • mis-shapen animals; monsters [25F9] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Intellect, Intelligence; 'Intelletto', 'Intelligenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52A1(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Counsel; 'Consiglio' (Ripa) [52E3] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosità dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virtù del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54A7(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Virtuousness; 'Amor di Virtù', 'Attione virtuosa', 'Guida sicura de' veri honori', 'Virtù', 'Virtù insuperabile' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57A6(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Cheat, Deceit; 'Fraude', 'Inganno' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57AA621(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (names of cities and villages excepted) (with NAME) [61D(LYCIA)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Concordia.

Concord

VI.

Cornicum mira inter se concordia vitae est,
Inque vicem nunquam contaminata fides.[1]
Hinc volucres hae[2] sceptra gerunt, quod scilicet omnes
Consensu populi stantque caduntque duces:
Quem si de medio tollas, discordia praeceps
Advolat, & secum regia fata trahit.

Marvellous is the unanimity between crows as they live together, and their loyalty to each other, never dishonoured! For this reason these birds carry the sceptre. Assuredly all leaders stand and fall by the consent of the people. If you take away consent, tumultuous discord comes flying in and drags kings down in its wake.

COMMENTARIA.

Peramanter & fideliter mutuam inter se fidem
& amicitiam conservant Cornices, quod si al-
terutra moriatur altera quae ei superstes est ad
extremum vitae diem vidua permanet: & idem Ma-
ritus nullam in posterum aliam ambit coniugem,
exigens vitam in orbitate. Aelianus lib. 15. cap. 36.
Id circo haec sceptra tenent, demonstrantes o-
mnes Principes consensu & unanimitate po-
Link to an image of this page Link to an image of this page [b1r p17] puli tantm consistere & cadere, hoc enim
sublato, illico discordiae ortae, totum facil Prin
cipis statum secum rapiunt & dissipant. Concordia
enim (ut inquit Sallustius) parvae res crescunt,
discordia ver maxima etiam dilabuntur.

Notes:

1. See Aelian, De natura animalium 3.9. on the mutual love and loyalty of crows.

2. Textual variant: haec.


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