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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O7r p221]

Eloquence est plus excellente que force.[1]

PROBLEME.

Masse en main dextre, en senestre arc cornu,
Et du Lyon la peau couvrant corps nu,
C’est d’Hercules la forme, Mais tel art
Pas ne convient: qu’il soit chaulve, & vieillard.
La langue aussi de chainetes persée,
D’ond par l’oreille attraict gent, non forcée,
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [O7v p222]Est ce pourtant que par faconde voix,
Et non par force aulx peuples donna loix?
Armes font place aux lettres. Car des coeurs
(Tant soient ilz durs) Eloquens sont vinqueurs.

C’est la description Lucianicque de Hercules le
Francois
, Par laquelle estoit figuré, que Hercules
avoit tant de peuples mis en son obeissance, & tant
de monstres, & tyrans surmontéz par vive eloquen
ce, & savoir legitime, & constitution de justes loix,
Toutes lesquelles choses les Graecz hont depuys
deguisées en faictz d’armes, & appropriées à leur
Hercules Graec, filz d’Alcmena.

Notes:

1.  This epigram is closely based on Lucian’s essay, The Gallic Hercules.


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  • extinct, 'historical' peoples (with NAME) [32B2(GAULS)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • 'litterae', symbolic representations, allegories and emblems ~ literature; 'Lettere' (Ripa) [48C90] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Power of Eloquence; 'Forza sottoposta all'Eloquenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52D31(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Strength, Power; 'Fortezza', 'Fortezza d'Animo e di corpo', 'Fortezza del corpo congiunta con la generosità dell'animo', 'Fortezza & valore del corpo congiunto con la prudenza & virtù del animo', 'Forza' (Ripa) [54A7] Search | Browse Iconclass

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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [M2r f77r]

EMBLEMA CXVII.

In receptatores sicariorum.

Those who harbour cut-throats

Latronum furumque manus tibi saeva[1] per urbem
It comes: & diris cincta cohors gladiis.
Atque ita te mentis generosum prodige censes,
Quod tua complures allicit olla malos,
En novus Actaeon, qui postquàm cornua sumpsit,
In praedam canibus se dedit ipse suis.[2]

A fierce band of ruffians and thieves accompanies you about the city, a gang of supporters armed with lethal swords. And so, you wastrel, you consider yourself a fine lordly fellow because your cooking pot draws in crowds of scoundrels. - Here’s a fresh Actaeon - he, after he grew his horns, became the prey of his own hunting dogs.

Das CXVII.

Wider die so sich zu der Landsknecht und
Buben Rott gesellen.

Dich Lurtsch, So du gehst durch dstat
Volget dir nach ein hauffen drat
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [M2v f77v] Der frechen und verwegnen Knecht
Mit gwerter hand ein unnütz Gschlecht
Und meinst also seystdu alsdann
Dester Edler im Gschlecht und Stamm
Dieweil du hast an dich gehengt
Ein Gottloß Rott, durch miet und schenck
Sich an ein neuwen Actean
Welcher da er die Hörner gewan
Wurd er von seinen eigen Wind [=Hind]
Zerrissen und gefressen gschwind.

Notes:

1.  Other editions read scaeva, ‘evil-minded’. The capital letter in some editions suggests that the Latin word could be taken as a proper name in the vocative case, i.e addressing one Scaeva.

2.  For the story of Actaeon turned into a stag and killed by his own hounds, see Ovid, Metamorphoses 3.138ff. Similarly, the hangers-on will destroy the one who has fed them.


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