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IN RECEPTATORES
sicariorum.

Those who harbour cut-throats

Emblema lii.

Latronum, furúmque manus tibi, Scaeva[1], per urbem
It comes, & diris cincta cohors gladiis:
Atque ita te mentis generosum prodige censes,
Quòd tua complures allicit olla malos.
En novus Actaeon, qui postquàm cornua sumpsit,
In praedam canibus se dedit ipse suis.[2]

An evil-minded band of ruffians and thieves accompanies you about the city, a gang of supporters armed with lethal swords. And so, you wastrel, you consider yourself a fine lordly fellow because your cooking pot draws in crowds of scoundrels. - Here’s a fresh Actaeon - he, after he grew his horns, became the prey of his own hunting dogs.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I5v f77v]

EX Phavorino citatur illud à Stobaeo: Quem-
admodum Actaeon à canibus, quos alebat, dis-
cerptus est: ita parasiti & assentatores eos à qui-
bus enutriuntur, miserè perdunt. Id verò in eos
torquet Alciatus, qui latrones furésque domi suae
receptant: aut etiam (ut verbis utar Marcellini,
lib.14.) qui familiarium agmina tanquam praeda-
torios globos post terga trahunt. à quibus tandem
miserè absumuntur.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I6r f78r]

Contre les recelateurs de brigans & volleurs.

TU t’estimes beaucoup d’avoir une grand’ queuë
De spadassins, volleurs, & brigans, à la veuë
D’un chacun; pensant bien les avoir à ton point:
Mais ta cuisine chaude iceux attire & point.
Fins & rusez qu’ils sont, à la table[3] ils se rengent,
Te faisans compagnie, & ce pendant te mangent.
O nouvel Acteon, qui estant devenu
Sans adviser à soy, un cerf[4] au chef cornu,
Lors que moins y pensoit sa peau est deschiree
Par les chiens qu’il nourrit, & leur sert de curee.

EN Stobee est cité ce traict du Philoso-
phe Phavorin: ainsi comme Acteon fut
desmembré & deschiré par les chiens qu’il
nourrissoit: ainsi les happelopins & flateurs
perdent miserablement ceux dont ils sont en-
tretenus. Mais cecy est employé par Alciat
contre ceux qui recellent en leurs logis les
brigans & larrons: ou bien (afin que j'use du
propos d’Ammian Marcellin livre 14.) qui
ont tousjours à la queuë une grand’ suite de
bons chalans, comme un grand squadron de
volleurs, desquels ils[5] sont mangez en fin mi-
serablement.

Notes:

1.  Scaeva, ‘evil-minded’. The capital letter suggests that the Latin word could be taken as a proper name in the vocative case, i.e addressing one Scaeva.

2.  For the story of Actaeon turned into a stag and killed by his own hounds, see Ovid, Metamorphoses 3.138ff. Similarly, the hangers-on will destroy the one who has fed them.

3.  Corrected from the Errata

4.  Corrected from the Errata

5.  Corrected from the Errata


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [i8v p144]

In adulatores.

Flatterers

LXXXVIII.

Semper hiat, semper tenuem qua vescitur auram,
Reciprocat chamaeleon[1],
Et mutat faciem, varios sumitque colores,
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [k1r p145]Praeter rubrum vel candidum:[2]
Sic & adulator populari vescitur aurae,[3]
Hiansque cuncta devorat,
Et solùm mores imitatur principis atros:
Albi & pudici nescius.

The Chameleon is always breathing in and out with open mouth the bodiless air on which it feeds; it changes its appearance and takes on various colours, except for red and white. - Even so the flatterer feeds on the wind of popular approval and gulps down all with open mouth. He imitates only the black features of the prince, knowing nothing of the white and pure.

COMMENTARIA.

Chamaeleon animal est frequens in India,
semper hians & aperto ore aërem, quo solo
vivit & nutritur, attrahens & respirans, saepe
facillimeque in varios colores convertitur ex-
cepto rubro & albo, de quo Aristoteles lib. 2.
de natura animal. Plinius lib. 8. cap. 33. & Demo-
critus
in lib. de potestate Camaeleontis. Ovidius
quoque lib. 15. Metamorphoseon.

Id quoque quod ventis animal nutritur & aura,
Protinus assimulat, tetigit quoscunque colores.

Sic etiam adulator alitur & sustentatur fama
solummodo populi, inhiansque cuncta devo-
rat, imitatur facîllimè superioris sui nigros &
perversos mores, ab albis verò & ru-
bris, id est, sine labe puris at-
que pudicis, totus
alienus est.

Notes:

1.  This creature was supposed to feed only on air, keeping its mouth wide open to suck it in. See Pliny, Natural History 8.51.122. For the chameleon cf. Erasmus, Parabolae pp.144, 241, 252.

2.  ‘except for red and white’. See Pliny, ib.

3.  ‘the wind of popular approval’. This is a common metaphor in Latin, e.g. Horace, Odes 3.2.20, ‘at the behest of the wind of popular approval.’


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