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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R2v f170v]

In subitum terrorem.

Sudden terror

Emblema cxxii.

Effuso cernens fugientes agmine turmas,
Quis mea nunc inflat cornua? Faunus[1] ait.

Seeing the squadrons fleeing, their line in disarray, ‘Who now’, said Faunus, ‘is sounding my trumpets?’

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R3r f171r]

EX Polyeno lib. I. Stratagematon. Pan Bacchi dux
fuit (inquit ille) qui primus aciem invenit, quam
phalangem nominavit dextrum & sinistrum cornu
instituit: qua ratione cornua ei tributa sunt. primus
qui arte & calliditate hostes intercepit. Cùm ergo
aliquando qui missi fuerant exploratum retulissent,
hostes in altera sylvae concavae parte castra metari,
Pan praecepit suis ingentem clamorem tollerent. so-
nus locis cavernosis exceptus, multò maior exaudi-
tus ab hostibus, eos perculit, inque fugam coniecit.
Hinc Panici terrores dicti, id est, improvisi metus &
consternationes, quae sine ratione accidunt.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [R3v f171v]

Sur une frayeur soudaine.

PAn voyant des fuyars en un camp mis en route,
Et de je ne sçay quoy follement estonnez,
Esmeuz d’une frayeur & de soudaine doubte:
Où sont ceux-là, dit-il, qui soufflent mes cornets?

CEcy est prins du premier des Stratage-
mes de Polyenus. Pan, fut un des capi-
taines soubs Bacchus, lequel premier ordon-
na de renger l’armee, lequel ordre il nom-
ma de ce mot phalange. il institua aussi la
corne dextre & senestre: à l’occasion dequoy
on luy a donné des cornes. il fut le premier
qui usa de ruses pour surprendre l’ennemy.
une fois donques quelques uns, ayans esté
envoyez comme espions, eurent rapporté
que les ennemis vouloient camper de l’au-
trepart d’une forest creuse en dedans, Pan
commanda aux siens de jetter ensemble-
ment le plus haut cry qu’ils pourroient. le
son rendu dans les cavernes fut entendu des
ennemis, & sembloit de beaucoup plusgrand:
à l’occasion dequoy saisis de peur s’enfuyrent.
Dela sont dittes les terreurs Paniques, c’est
à dire qui viennent à l’improviste, comme
les soudaines frayeurs dont on est surprins
sans occasion.

Notes:

1.  Faunus is here equated with Pan, the half-goat rustic god (see [FALc097]), accredited with the invention of the horn or military trumpet, and responsible for unexplained ‘panic’ terrors seizing man and beast, especially on the battle-field and in wild lonely places. See Erasmus, Adagia 2603, Panicus casus.


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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [D5v p58]

Que no se à de loar lo que loor no mereze.

Ottava rhima.

Sin esperança de vittoria alguna
Yva Antiocho con su gente huyendo
Quando la fuerça puesta en contrapuna
A la de los Galatas resistiendo
Del elephante, fizo [=hizo] à la Fortuna
Dar vuelta. El Rey su tropheo poniendo
Hizo escrivir junto a la bestia fiera,
Dulce es vencer mas no de esta manera.[1]

Notes:

1.  For this incident, see Lucian, Zeuxis sive Antiochus 8-11. In 276 BC Antiochus I won against fearful odds by directing his sixteen elephants against the Galatian horsemen and scythed chariots. Not only did the horses turn in panic and cause chaos among their own infantry, but the elephants came on behind, tossing, goring and trampling. Although he had won an overwhelming victory, Antiochus did not consider it a matter for congratulation.


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