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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N2v p196]

Le chesne.

XXXII.

Le chesne plait à Dieu, qui nous sauve & ramene.
Qui sauve un citoyen, a couronne de chesne.[1]

Autre.

Le chesne avec son gland a nourri les anciens
Maintenant par son ombre il nous fait mille biens.[2]

Commentaires.

Ces deux distichs sont clairs d’eux mesmes. Les
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N3r p197] Rommains avoyent plusieurs sortes de couronnes.
Mais à celuy qui sauvoit un citoyen ou plusieurs, on
luy bailloit une couronne de chesne. Avant que le
bled & les legumes fussent en usage, le seul gland e-
stoit la viande & nourriture seule des humains. Cest
arbre n’a rien en soy qui ne nous soit proffitable. Son
fruict, ses feuilles, son ombre, son bois, tout nous sert.

Notes:

1.  ‘a crown of oak’, awarded for saving the life of a fellow-soldier; see Pliny, Natural History, 16.3.7.

2.  For the ancient belief that early man fed on acorns see e.g. Lucretius, De Rerum natura, 5.939; Vergil, Georgics, 1.7; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1.106.


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [C4v f20v]

    Cotonea.

    The quince

    Poma novis tribui debere Cydonia nuptis
    Dicitur antiquus constituisse Solon.[1]
    Grata ori & stomacho cum sint, ut & halitus illis
    Sit suavis, blandus manet & ore lepos.

    Solon of old is said to have ordained that quinces be given to newly-weds, since these are pleasant both to mouth and stomach. As a result their breath is sweet, and winning grace drops from their lips.

    Notes:

    1.  antiquus...Solon, ‘Solon of old’. See Plutarch, Coniugalia praecepta, Moralia 138 D.


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