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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N3r p197]

Le laurier.

XXXIII.

Le laurier dit le bien qui arrive aux humains,
Et mis sous le chevet rend les songes certains.[1]

Autre.

Qu’on donne du laurier à Charles la couronne,
Qui a vaincu l’Afrique: aux seuls preux on la donne.[2]

Commentaires.

Le laurier, symbole des devinements, est consacré
à Apollon, que les payens tenoyent pour Dieu des
predictions. La feuille de laurier mise au feu, si elle pe-
tille, presagit bonheur, & malheur si elle brusle sans
bruit. Les amoureux s’en servent en leurs complain-
tes. L’autre distique est faict en faveur de l’Empe-
reur Charles cinquieme, qui prit par force Thunis en
Afrique sur le Corsaire Barberousse.

Notes:

1.  The laurel was sacred to Apollo, god of prophecy. The priestess of Apollo at Delphi induced a prophetic trance by chewing laurel leaves. Prophecies were sometimes written on laurel leaves. If laurel leaves crackle when thrown into the flames, happiness is portended.

2.  Emperor Charles V took Tunis in North Africa in 1535.


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    • trees: laurel (+ plants used symbolically) [25G3(LAUREL)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Africans [32B32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • pillow [41A7632] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • crowning the victor with laurel [45I6110] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Prediction, Prophecy; 'Augurio', 'Divinatione', 'Profetia' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Protection; 'Custodia', 'Difesa contra nimici, malefici & venefici', 'Difesa contra pericoli', 'Riparo da i tradimenti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54E42(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • historical person (with NAME) other representations to which the NAME of a historical person may be attached (with NAME of person) [61B2(CHARLES V [of Holy Roman Empire])3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Single Emblem View

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [S6v f129v]

    EMBLEMA CCXV [=210] .

    Salix.

    The willow

    Quod frugiperdam salicem vocitârit Homerus,[1]
    Clitoriis homines moribus assimulat.[2]

    When Homer called the willow ‘seed-loser’, he made it like men with Clitorian habits.

    Das CCXV [=210] .

    Weidenbaum.

    Das Homerus hat nennen thon
    Den Weidenbaum ein Frucht verthon
    Damit wirt angezeigt und gfast
    Ein klitter Mann, der den Wein hast.

    Notes:

    1.  Homer, Odyssey, 10.510. See Pliny, Natural History, 16.46.110: the willow drops its seed before it is absolutely ripe, and for that reason was called by Homer ‘seed-loser’.

    2.  The waters of Lake Clitorius in Arcadia generated an aversion to wine in those who drank of them. See Pliny, Natural History, 31.13.16; Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.322ff. The combination of the two images here may symbolise minds and characters gone to the bad and producing nothing of value. See Erasmus, Parabolae, p. 268: “As willow-seed, shed before it ripens, is not only itself barren but when used as a drug causes barrenness in women by preventing conception, so the words of those who teach before they have truly learnt sense not only make them no better in themselves, but corrupt their audience and render it unteachable”; and p. 230: “Those who have drunk of the Clitorian Lake develop a distaste for wine, and those who have once tasted poetry reject the counsels of philosophy, or the other way round. Equally, those who gorge themselves with fashionable pleasures reject those satisfactions which are honourable and genuine.”


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      • trees: willow (+ plants used symbolically) [25G3(WILLOW)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • sobriety; 'Sobrietà', 'Astinenza' (Ripa) [31B59] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Non-procreation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [58AA2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • geographical names of countries, regions, mountains, rivers, etc. (names of cities and villages excepted) (with NAME [61D(CLITOR)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • (story of) Homer representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(HOMER)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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