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Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[O8r p224]

La gourmandise.

LXVI.

Qui veut representer un goulu ou goulue,
Grosse panse il luy baille, & un grand col de grue,[1]
Et luy met sur ses poings la foulque & le butor.
Tel estoit un Denis,[2] & un Apice encor,[3]
Qui par leur gloutonnie & molle friandise
Font qu’encor aujourd’huy pour goulus on les prise.

Commentaires.

La foulque & le butor sont oiseaux extremement
goulus, & qui ne se peuvent jamais soulersouler: & pource
sont-ils employťs par les poŽtes, quand ils veulent re-
Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[P1r p225] marquer un vray goulu. Denys & Apice sont te-
nus pour patriarches des frians: aussi en ont-ils publiť
des preceptes, qui encor aujourd-huy se voyent tra-
duicts en divers vulgaires: Ils ne sont pas seuls. Il n’y
en a que trop encor par tout.

Notes:

1.These birds were symbols of ravenous greed. The pelican is called inexplebile animal, ‘insatiable creature’, by Pliny, Natural History, 10.66.131; cf. Emblem 83 ([FALe083]). For the gull, see Erasmus, Adagia, 1133 (Larus: the gull will also fit food-suppliers because it is a bird with an appetite for fish).

2.Dionysius II, Tyrant of Syracuse. After his deposition, he lived in Corinth, and many anecdotes were told of his indulgent way of life there, including the story that he died of being overweight.

3.Apicius was a famous gourmet of the time of the Emperor Tiberius. See Seneca, De consolatione, 10.8-9 and Martial, Epigrams, 3.22: he spent a hundred million sesterces on food items and committed suicide for fear of starvation on discovering that he had only one million left. He composed two cookery books, but the one which has come down to us under his name is a fourth- to fifth-century compilation drawing on his works and several others (ed. princ. Le Signerre, Milan 1498).


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    • Gluttony, Intemperance, 'Gula'; 'Gola', 'Ingordigia', 'Ingordigia overo Avidit√†', 'Voracit√†' (Ripa) ~ personification of one of the Seven Deadly Sins [11N35] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • water-birds (with NAME) [25F36(COOT)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • water-birds: pelican [25F36(PELICAN)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ abdomen, belly) [31A444(+13)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ neck) [31A444(+615)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • anthropomorphic beings with parts of abnormal shape (+ neck) [31A444(+615):25F37(CRANE)(+3)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Intemperance, Immoderation (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54AA43(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • specific aspects, allegorical aspects of Bacchus; Bacchus as patron [92L17] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(APICIUS, Marcus Gavius)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Single Emblem View

    Link to an image of this pageLink to an image of this page †[n8v p208]

    Superbia.

    Pride

    LXII.

    En statuae statua,[1] & ductum de marmore marmor
    Se conferre deis ausa procax Niobe. [2]
    Est vitium muliebre superbia, & arguit oris
    Duritiem, ac sensus, qualis inest lapidi.

    Behold a statue of a statue, marble carved from marble, insolent Niobe, who dared to set herself up against the gods. Pride is a woman’s vice, and shows hardness of face and feeling, such as exists in a stone.

    Notes:

    1.According to the best-known story of her fate, Niobe was turned to stone. For the statue of Niobe by Praxiteles, see Ausonius, Epigrams, 63.2 and Anthologia Graeca, 16.130, a much translated epigram, which seems to have been in Alciato’s thoughts here.

    2.Niobe in her pride boasted that having 12 (or 14) children, she was superior to Lato with just two, i.e. Apollo and Diana. These gods in revenge slew all her children and in her grief Niobe hardened into a rock; see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 6.165ff. See further, Erasmus, Adagia, 2233, ‘Niobes mala’.


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