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Mesdisance.

LXVII.

D’Archiloque[1] au tumbeau la guespe est engravee,
Pour monstrer que sa langue estoit envenimee.

Commentaires.

Archiloque fut si picquant & mordant en sa
poësie, que par ses poignants jambes il contraignit
Lycambe, son beau pere, de s’aller estrangler. De là
est venu qu’on a appelé Archiloques tous ceux qui
ont escrit d’un stile ainsi venimeux. Les guespes sont
engravees sur son tumbeau, non seulement pource
qu’elles sont enrouëes & mordantes, mais aussi pour-
ce que d’elles on ne tire ny plaisir ny proffit.

Notes:

1.  Archilochus was an eighth-century BC poet, author of much (now fragmentary) verse, including satire. This last was considered in antiquity to be excessively abusive and violent. See Horace, Ars Poetica, 79; also Erasmus, Adagia, 60 (Irritare crabrones).


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    Relating to the text:

    • insects: wasp (+ animals used symbolically) [25F711(WASP)(+1)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • grave, tomb [4.20E+32] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Calumny, Detraction; 'Biasimo vitioso', 'Calunnia', 'Detrattione', 'Maledicenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57BB25(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(ARCHILOCHUS)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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    Maledicentia.

    Evil speaking

    Emblema. li.

    Archilochi[1] tumulo insculptas de marmore vespas
    Esse ferunt,[2] linguae certa sigilla malae.

    They say that on the tomb of Archilochus wasps were carved in marble, sure figures of an evil tongue.

    SImile quid legitur in 3. Graecorum epigramma-
    ton. Vespae autem tumulo Archilochi affixae, ef-
    frenis linguae petulantiam arguunt. Quod torqueri
    facilè potest in scriptorem quendam maledicum,
    quíque alios fuerit insana quadam obtrectandi li-
    centia infectatus. Vespae sunt raucae & mordaces:
    acriter enim pungunt, sed neque mel, neque ceram
    fingunt: ita maledicis unum carpendi, convician-
    díque studium, in caeteris inutiles & inepti.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [I4v f76v]

    Mesdisance.

    SUr le tombeau d’Archilochus assises
    Les Guespes sont, qui servent de devises,
    Pour demonstrer son eguillon cuisant,
    Et qu’il fut trop poignant & mesdisant.

    LE semblable se trouve au 3. des epigram-
    mes Grecs, Les Guespes mises sur le
    tombeau d’Archilochus, denotent une lan-
    gue mauvaise & pleine de malledicence.
    Ce que se peust aussi accommoder à l’encon-
    tre d’un escrivain mesdisant, & qui n’a faict
    autre estat que detracter des autres avec
    licence du tout desbordee. Les Gues-
    pes sont rauques & poignantes: car elles pic-
    quent fort serré: cependant elles ne font ny
    miel ny cire: tels sont les mesdisans, qui se
    contentent seulement de mordre & poindre.
    Mais en toutes autres choses ils sont inuti-
    les & ineptes.

    Notes:

    1.  Archilochus was an eighth-century BC poet, author of much (now fragmentary) verse, including satire. This last was considered in antiquity to be excessively abusive and violent. See Horace, Ars Poetica, 79; also Erasmus, Adagia, 60 (Irritare crabrones).

    2.  ferunt, ‘they say’: words suggested by Anthologia Graeca, 7.71, an epigram concerning the tomb of Archilochus.


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    • Calumny, Detraction; 'Biasimo vitioso', 'Calunnia', 'Detrattione', 'Maledicenza' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [57BB25(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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