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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P1r p225]

Clemence d’un Prince.

LXVIII.

Des abeilles le Roy nul aiguillon ne porte,[1]
Et sur tout son essein il est en toute sorte
Le plus grand & plus beau. Ce Roy là nous enseigne.
Que les Rois terriens doyvent orner leur regne
De clemence & douceur, & commettre les loix
Entre les mains de gents qui soyent justes &
droits.

Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [P1v p226]

Commentaires.

Tant plus un Prince a de pouvoir, tant plus doit
il estre retenu quand ce vient à chastier. Le Roy
des abeilles est le plus grand & le plus beau de tou-
tes: mais nature ne luy a point baillé d’aiguillon, pour-
ce qu’elle n’a point voulu qu’il fust cruel. Elle luy a
bien baillé auctorité, mais une auctorité desarmee.
L’Empereur Marc Aurele disoit, que rien n’estoit
plus seant à un Prince, que la clemence. Et les Em-
pereurs Theodose, Arcade, & Honore en firent un
edict de telle substance: Si par legereté on a offensé,
il n’en faut pas faire estat: Si le delinquant n’est pas
de sens rassis, il s’en faut condouloir: S’il a esté pro-
voqué à ce faire, il le luy faut pardonner.

Notes:

1.  According to Pliny, Natural History, 11.21.74, wasps do not have ‘kings’: it is the ‘mother’ wasps that are without stings. On the other hand, the ‘king’ bee (the ancients believed the queen bee to be male) and its lack of sting, or refusal to use its sting, was often mentioned; e.g. Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.10; Pliny, ibid., 17.52. For the analogy with kingship, see e.g. Seneca, De Clementia, 1.19; Erasmus, Adagia, 2601 (Scarabaeus aquilam quaerit).


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N8r f91r]

    EMBLEMA CXLII.

    Ira.

    Rage.

    Alcaeam veteres caudam dixere Leonis,
    Qua stimulante iras concipit ille graves.
    Lutea cum surgit bilis, crudescit & atro
    Felle dolor, furias excitat indomitas.[1]

    The ancients called the lion’s tail alcaea, for under its stimulus he takes on dreadful fury. When the yellow bile rises and his temper grows savage with the black gall, the tail incites his indomitable rage.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [N8v f91v]

    Das CXLII.

    Zorn.

    Die alten haben sLöwen Schwantz
    Alceam reitz sterck gnennet gantz
    Mit welchem so er sich selbs schlecht
    Zu grossem zorn er wirt bewegt
    Wann die grün gel Gall auffsteign thut
    Erneuwerts den schmertzen mit unmuth
    Erwegt gantz unberd und ungstumb
    Die wütend unsinnigkeit thumb.

    Notes:

    1.  The Greek word ἀλκαία was supposedly derived from ἀλκή ‘strength’ (see emblem 4, n.3, [A67a004]). The Etymologicum Magnum, an ancient Greek lexicon, defines ἀλκαία as ‘properly the tail of the lion, because it urges him on to strength (ἀλκή)’. Pliny, Natural History, 8.16.49, describes how the lion’s tail lashes with increasing fury and spurs him on. See also Aelian, De natura animalium, 5.39.


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      • beasts of prey, predatory animals: lion (+ silent means of communication of animal(s): wagging of tail etc.) [25F23(LION)(+491)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • beasts of prey, predatory animals: lion (+ fighting animals; aggressive relations) [25F23(LION)(+51)] Search | Browse Iconclass
      • Rage, Anger (+ emblematical representation of concept) [56E2(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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