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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q3v p246]

Pudicité.

XC.

L’oiseau Porphyre, estant avec femme pollue,
Se fasche de plus vivre, & de despit se tue.
La cause ne s’en sçait: mais quoy que soit l’oiseau
Est de pudicité un vray & vif tableau.[1]

Commentaires.

Elian, Athenee, & plusieurs autres, recitent, que
l’oiseau Porphyre est exact observateur de la pudici-
té: & que quand il s’estrangle, c’est un trescertain
argument que la femme de la maison a paillardé. E-
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q4r p247] lian recite les histoires de plusieurs animaux, qui
observent fort religieusement la pudicité, & qui pu-
nissent avec toute rigueur ceux qui l’enfraignent. La
cause qui meut cest oiseau à se pendre, n’a peu encor
estre trouvee par les Philosophes, non plus que celle
de la faculté de l’aimant.

Notes:

1.  For this information about the porphyrio (purple gallinule, a kind of moorhen) see Aelian, De Natura animalium, 3.42; Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae, 9,388C: the purple gallinule ... when it is domesticated, ... keeps a sharp eye on married women and is so affected if the wife commits adultery, that it ends its life by strangling and so gives warning to its master.


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    Section: STULTITIA (Folly). View all emblems in this section.

    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [E3r p69]

    Vespertilio.

    The bat

    Assumpsisse suum volucri ex Meneide nomen,[1]
    Socraticum autores Choerephoonta ferunt.[2]
    Fusca viro facies, & stridens vocula, tali
    Hunc hominem potuit commaculare nota.

    Writers tell us that Chaerephon, Socrates’ follower, got his particular name from the winged daughter of Minyas. It was his sallow complexion and squeaky little voice that gave rise to such a slur to sully his reputation.

    Notes:

    1.  For the transformation of the daughters of Minyas (the founder of the earliest race of Greeks) into bats - for refusing to worship Dionysus - see Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4.389ff.

    2.  Chaerophon, a distinguished disciple of Socrates, was nick-named ‘The Bat’ and ‘Boxwood’ for his pale complexion and poor health, supposedly brought on by excessive study. See Aristophanes, Aves, 1564; Philostratus, Vitae sophistarum, 1.482.


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    • study and diversion [49A1] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • studying at night [49B4411] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • Minyas' daughters changed into bats: having aroused Bacchus' anger by weaving instead of worshipping him, the daughters of Minyas, Leuconoe (Leucippe), Alcithoe and Arsippe, are changed into bats by the god (Ovid, Metamorphoses IV 399) [97CC7] Search | Browse Iconclass
    • male persons from classical history (with NAME) representations to which the NAME of a person from classical history may be attached [98B(CHAEREPHON)3] Search | Browse Iconclass

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