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Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q4r f111r]

EMBLEMA CLXXV [=174] .

Fatuitas.

Stupidity.

Miraris nostro quòd carmine diceris Otus,[1]
Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Q4v f111v]Sit vetus à proavis cum tibi nomen Otho.[2]
Aurita est, similes, & habet ceu noctua plumas,[3]
Saltantemque auceps mancipat aptus avem.[4]
Hinc fatuos, captu & faciles, nos dicimus othos,
Hoc tibi conveniens tu quoque nomen habe.

You are surprised that in my poem you are called Otus, when your ancient family name, handed down for generations, is Otho. The otus is eared and has feathers like the little owl. The skilful birdcatcher gets the bird into his power as it dances. For this reason we call stupid people, easy to catch, oti. You too can have this name, which suits you.

Das CLXXV [=174] .

Torheit.

Das ich dich hab gnannt ein Nachtrab
Der du doch heissest der Nachtrab
Und hast den namm von deim Gschlecht her
Verwunderts sich hefftig und sehr
Der Nachtrab am kopff Oren hat
Am Plaum ist er gleich der Eulspat
Der Vogler in zu fahen weist
So er vor im her tantzen heist
Daher wir die törechte Leut
Die andern bald werden zur beut
Nennen Nachtrabn, diesn namen dir
Auch haben solt, der dir gebür.

Notes:

1.  Otus, the long-eared owl.

2.  It is unclear exactly what Alciato is referring to here. As is made clearer by Mignault in the commentary it is not the Emperor Otho (see note 5, below), but the bustard (otis in Latin, otide in French), a large tufted bird that has interesting mating habits, which (following the commentary in the 1615 edition) consists of strutting and preening to such an extent that the bird is easy to catch. It is there likened to a man named Otho known for his haughty manner, who came from an ancient lineage, in which instance Alciato could originally have been referring in a punning manner to Lucius Roscius Otho, a Roman tribune who authored the law that the knights should occupy the premier seats in a theatre and was much abused for it.

3.  See Pliny, Natural History, 11.50.137: only the eagle-owl and the long-eared owl have feathers like ears (the little owl - noctua - does not in fact have ear-tufts).

4.  See Pliny, Natural History, 10.33.68: ‘The otus is an imitator of other birds and a hanger-on, performing a kind of dance; like the little owl, it is easily caught, when its attention is fixed on one person while another person circles round it’. See also Plutarch, Moralia, Bruta animalia ratione uti, 951E.


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    Link to an image of this page  Link to an image of this page  [Y8v f176v]

    IN EOS QUI SUPRA VIRES
    quicquam audent.

    Those who venture on what is beyond their powers.

    Emblema 58.

    Dum dormit, dulci recreat dum corpora somno
    Sub picea, & clavam, caeteraque arma tenet.
    Alciden Pygmaea manus[1] prosternere letho
    Posse putat, vires non bene docta suas.
    Excitus ipse, velut pulices, sic proterit hostem,
    Et saevi implicitum pelle leonis[2] agit.

    While Alceus’ descendant was sleeping, while he was refreshing his body with gentle slumber, beneath a spruce tree, keeping hold of his club and other weapons, a band of pygmies thought they could lay him low in death, not really grasping the limit of their powers. But he, waking up, crushed the foe like fleas, and carried them off, wrapped up in the fierce lion’s skin.

    Notes:

    1.  Hercules’ confrontation with the pygmies is described by Philostratus, Eikones 2.22.

    2.  ‘the fierce lion’s skin’, the skin of the Nemean lion which Hercules always wore after slaying the beast. (See [A15a136], notes; [A15a179]).


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