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CAVENDUM A MERETRICI-
bus.

Beware of whores

Emblema 76.

Sole satae Circes tam magna potentia fertur,
Verterit ut multos in nova monstra viros.
Testis equùm domitor Picus,[1] tum Scylla biformis,[2]
Atque Ithaci postquam vina bibere sues.[3]
Indicat illustri meretricem nomine Circe,[4]
Et rationem animi perdere, quisquis amat.

So great, we are told, was the power of Circe, daughter of the Sun, that she turned many persons into new monstrous shapes. A witness to this is Picus, tamer of horses, and Scylla with her double form, and the Ithacans who became pigs after drinking the wine. Circe with her famous name indicates a whore and shows that any man who loves such a one loses his reason.

Notes:

1.  Picus, an Italian king, a breeder of horses, turned into a woodpecker by Circe. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 14.320ff.

2.  Scylla was transformed into a figure that was half girl, half barking dogs. See Ovid, Metamorphoses, 14.51ff. Cf. Emblem 68 ([A15a068]).

3.  Ithacans: See Homer, Odyssey, 10.229ff. for the story of Ulysses’ sailors (from the island of Ithaca), who were turned into pigs by Circe with a magic potion of wine.

4.  Indicat...meretricem: ‘indicates a whore’. See Anthologia Graeca, 10.50 for this rationalisation of the Circe story.


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  • mis-shapen animals; monsters [25F9] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • monsters of mixed human and animal shape; 'Mostri' (Ripa) [31A45] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • whore, prostitute [33C520] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • courtesan, hetaera [33C521] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Reason versus Amorous Lust; 'Combattimento della ragione con l'appetito' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [52B513(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Danger; 'Pericolo' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) [54DD51(+4)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Picus changed into a woodpecker: Circe changes Picus into a woodpecker because, faithful to his wife Canens, he spurns the love of the goddess (Ovid, Metamorphoses XIV 386) (+ variant) [97D28(+0)] Search | Browse Iconclass
  • Scylla changed into a sea-monster: Circe, to whom Glaucus has applied for aid in his love suit, changes Scylla the sea-nymph into a sea-monster (Ovid, Metamorphoses XIV 59) (+ variant) [97EE3(+0)] Search | Browse Iconclass

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IN AMATORES MERETRICUM.

Those who give their affection to whores

Emblema. 75.

Villosae indutus piscator tegmina caprae,
Addidit ut capiti cornua bina suo,
Fallit amatorem stans summo in littore Sargum[1],
In laqueum [=laqueos] simi quem gregis ardor agit.
Capra refert scortum: similis fit sargus amanti,
Qui miser obscaeno captus amore perit.

When a fisherman has dressed himself in a shaggy she-goat skin and placed twin horns on his head, he stands at the edge of the beach, and tricks the passionate sargus, whom desire for the snub-nosed herd drives into the trap. - The she-goat represents the whore, the sargue is like the lover, who perishes, wretched fellow, in the toils of unwholesome love.

Notes:

1.  A sort of fish, possibly the sea-bream, believed to be unable to resist the smell of she-goats. See Aelian, De natura animalium 1.23.


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